Self-organized minimum-energy structures for dielectric elastomer actuators

Guggi Kofod, Mika Paajanen, Siegfried Bauer (Corresponding Author)

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    146 Citations (Scopus)


    When a stretched elastomer is laminated to a flat plastic frame, a complex shape is formed, which is termed a minimum-energy structure. It is shown how self-organized structures can be applied in the development of actuators with complex, out-of-plane actuationmodes. This unusual concept is then demonstrated in the case of dielectric elastomer actuators. Among advantages of this approach are the simplicity in manufacturing, the potential complexity and sophistication of the manufactured structures, and the general benefits of the concept when applied to other electro-mechanically active materials.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)141-143
    Number of pages3
    JournalApplied Physics A: Materials Science and Processing
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 2006
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • elastomers
    • dielectric elastomers
    • actuators


    Dive into the research topics of 'Self-organized minimum-energy structures for dielectric elastomer actuators'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this