Semantic representation of engineering knowledge, pre-study

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Abstract

Artificial intelligence, AI, is having a strong hype in research and in industry. The main factor
for the hype is the fast progress in the development of data-based AI technologies, especially
machine learning in all of its forms. The technologies and solutions have enabled fast algorithms
to recognise features in data or to make quick decisions based on given inputs. The
common feature in these applications is that either the approach requires a large amount of
data or it can analyse and e.g. classify a large amount of data.

The need for increased computer intelligence also in engineering design is evident, but one
narrow set of methods and technologies does not solve the challenges. The solution is to integrate
different methods and technologies to fulfil the different kinds of needs. On one hand, we
need fast algorithms e.g. to help the user in his/her tasks or to categorise large data sets, while/
on the other hand we also need to utilise the existing domain knowledge, especially in the
design of complex products and systems.

The previous hype of artificial intelligence in 1990’s and 2000’s was emphasising knowledge
representation, management and engineering, and one of the main outcomes of the hype has
been the set of technologies for the Semantic Web. In this work, we revisit the selected technologies
of the Semantic Web and study the state-of-the-art applications utilising them for representing
engineering design data (Sections 1–6). In addition, some of the existing tools and
systems for editing data models as well as for storing the knowledge data were studied and are
presented in Section 7. To illustrate the overall approach of engineering knowledge representation,
a small-scale case study was done and is presented in Section 8. A brief summary of
the report is presented in Section 9.
Original languageEnglish
PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Number of pages51
Publication statusPublished - 9 Mar 2020
MoE publication typeD4 Published development or research report or study

Publication series

SeriesVTT Research Report
NumberVTT-R-00031-20

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