Sensitive and broadband measurement of dispersion in a cavity using a Fourier transform spectrometer with kHz resolution

Lucile Rutkowski, Alexandra C. Johansson, Gang Zhao, Thomas Hausmaninger, Amir Khodabakhsh, Ove Axner, Aleksandra Foltynowicz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Optical cavities provide high sensitivity to dispersion since their resonance frequencies depend on the index of refraction. We present a direct, broadband, and accurate measurement of the modes of a high finesse cavity using an optical frequency comb and a mechanical Fourier transform spectrometer with a kHz-level resolution. We characterize 16000 longitudinal cavity modes spanning 16 THz of bandwidth in terms of center frequency, linewidth, and amplitude. Using the center frequencies we retrieve the group delay dispersion of the cavity mirror coatings and pure N2 with 0.1 fs2 precision and 1 fs2 accuracy, as well as the refractivity of the 3v1 + v3 absorption band of CO2 with 5 × 10-12 precision. This opens up for broadband refractive index metrology and calibration-free spectroscopy of entire molecular bands.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21711-21718
Number of pages8
JournalOptics Express
Volume25
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Sep 2017
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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spectrometers
broadband
cavities
refractivity
metrology
refraction
mirrors
bandwidth
absorption spectra
coatings
sensitivity
spectroscopy

Cite this

Rutkowski, Lucile ; Johansson, Alexandra C. ; Zhao, Gang ; Hausmaninger, Thomas ; Khodabakhsh, Amir ; Axner, Ove ; Foltynowicz, Aleksandra. / Sensitive and broadband measurement of dispersion in a cavity using a Fourier transform spectrometer with kHz resolution. In: Optics Express. 2017 ; Vol. 25, No. 18. pp. 21711-21718.
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abstract = "Optical cavities provide high sensitivity to dispersion since their resonance frequencies depend on the index of refraction. We present a direct, broadband, and accurate measurement of the modes of a high finesse cavity using an optical frequency comb and a mechanical Fourier transform spectrometer with a kHz-level resolution. We characterize 16000 longitudinal cavity modes spanning 16 THz of bandwidth in terms of center frequency, linewidth, and amplitude. Using the center frequencies we retrieve the group delay dispersion of the cavity mirror coatings and pure N2 with 0.1 fs2 precision and 1 fs2 accuracy, as well as the refractivity of the 3v1 + v3 absorption band of CO2 with 5 × 10-12 precision. This opens up for broadband refractive index metrology and calibration-free spectroscopy of entire molecular bands.",
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Rutkowski, L, Johansson, AC, Zhao, G, Hausmaninger, T, Khodabakhsh, A, Axner, O & Foltynowicz, A 2017, 'Sensitive and broadband measurement of dispersion in a cavity using a Fourier transform spectrometer with kHz resolution', Optics Express, vol. 25, no. 18, pp. 21711-21718. https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.25.021711

Sensitive and broadband measurement of dispersion in a cavity using a Fourier transform spectrometer with kHz resolution. / Rutkowski, Lucile; Johansson, Alexandra C.; Zhao, Gang; Hausmaninger, Thomas; Khodabakhsh, Amir; Axner, Ove; Foltynowicz, Aleksandra.

In: Optics Express, Vol. 25, No. 18, 04.09.2017, p. 21711-21718.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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