This paper simulates seven transient experiments with geometrical movements performed at the GIACINT facility of Belarus. These experiments include three slow control rods insertion in more than 25 s, one fast control rod insertion in less than 1 s, and three water moderator draining transients. In the fast control rod insertion experiment, the control rods are first pushed by a mechanical spring and then let fall by gravity in the assembly. In this experiment, the control rods speed varies because of the initial spring force, the gravitational acceleration, and the water buoyancy force. In all other transient experiments, the geometry change occurs with a constant speed. The Serpent computer program was utilized to simulate these transient experiments with geometrical changes by performing two separate computations. One time-independent computation is performed in criticality mode and the other time-dependent computation is performed in dynamic-source mode. The first computation writes the neutron population and delayed neutron precursors for starting the transient simulation. The second computation divides the transient time into several time bins, reads the two files from the first computation, and updates them at the end of each time bin. The Serpent simulation results obtained for this set of experiments are in good agreement with the time dependent experimental measurements. In addition, Serpent and MCNP simulations results show an excellent agreement for the water moderator transient.
- Control rod insertion
- Water draining