Severe Accident Simulations Dedicated to the SAMG DecisionMaking Tool Demonstration

Piotr Darnowski, Piotr Mazgaj, Ivica Bašić, Ivan Vrbanić, Maciej Skrzypek, Janusz Malesa, Ari Silde, Jarno Hiittenkivi, Luka Štrubelj

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Abstract

The paper presents preliminary severe accident (SA) simulations performed to generate a database of plant states dedicated to be used with Severe Accident Management Guidelines Decision Making Tool (SAMG DM). The novel software is being developed in the framework of the NARSIS Horizon-2020 research project. It is intended to be a supporting tool for the SAMGs implementation, Emergency Preparedness and selection of Severe Accident Management (SAM) strategies. Simulations were performed with MELCOR 2.2 integral computer code for generic Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) with Gen-II Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR). The database covers results for parameters important for both in-vessel and ex-vessel phases of different accident scenarios. Two general types of scenarios are considered in the database: low-pressure and high-pressure sequences. In this paper, a comparison was prepared for two base case low-pressure scenarios, that is hot leg and cold leg LB-LOCAs without safety injection. Sensitivity simulations were performed with and without Containment Filtered Venting (CFV) as it substantially influences the containment performance. Both accidents are characterized by rapid progression with core meltdown within 2 hours and containment failure within 40 hours and eventual venting with CFV after 13-15 hours. It was observed that for the cold-leg break, the Reactor Pressure Vessel failure occurs earlier only by ~5 minutes. On the contrary, the containment failure is predicted to occur three hours earlier for the hot-leg LOCA.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNENE 2020: 29th International Conference Nuclear Energy for New Europe, September 7–10, Portoroz, Slovenia
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)978-961-6207-49-2
Publication statusPublished - 2020
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
Event29th International Conference Nuclear Energy for New Europe, NENE 2020: Connecting Science and Industry - Hybrid Conference, Portoroz, Slovakia
Duration: 7 Sep 202010 Sep 2020

Conference

Conference29th International Conference Nuclear Energy for New Europe, NENE 2020
Abbreviated titleNENE 2020
Country/TerritorySlovakia
CityPortoroz
Period7/09/2010/09/20

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