This paper introduces a concept and a prototype system of using ships and coastal stations as a sensor network to obtain additional information about the ice field. The system collects marine radar images and ship performance observations, forms mosaics of images from multiples radars, calculates ice drift from subsequent radar images, analyzes trafficability in different sea areas using performance observations, and delivers processed images, trafficability estimation, and ice drift information to end-users. The prototype was developed and tested during the winters of 2008 and 2009 in the Baltic Sea. In this paper, we describe the prototype and discuss the usability of a ship sensor network. The concept appears to be feasible, and such a system would provide additional information about prevailing ice conditions.
- Sea ice
- Radar methods
- Remote sensors
- Baltic Sea
Kotovirta, V., Karvonen, J., von Bock und Polach, R., Berglund, R., & Kujala, P. (2011). Ships as a sensor network to observe ice field properties. Cold Regions Science and Technology, 65(3), 359-371. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.coldregions.2010.11.005