Short-term fluctuations in systolic blood pressure (SBP) and heart rate (HR) and their inter-relationship were analysed in a group of normotensive middle-aged men (n = 16) using a multivariate autoregressive modelling technique. This study is the first to evaluate the beat-to-beat variability of SBP and HR in a group of real normotensive subjects. Direct intra-arterial blood pressure was registered together with ECG using an ambulatory tape recording technique (the Oxford method). Power spectrum density estimated (PSD) were used as a measure of the variability. PSDs were calculated over 3-min periods for four basic physiological conditions: during sleep and in the supine, sitting and standing positions. The inter-relationship between the blood pressure and heart rate variabilities was analysed using a closed-loop model. In agreement with results presented earlier in the literature, the beat-to-beat variation in SBP and HR was concentrated in three typical power spectrum regions: the high-frequency (HF = 0.15-0.35 Hz) region (respiration), the mid-frequency (MF = 0.075-0.15 Hz) region (vasomotor oscillation) and the low-frequency (LF = 0.02-0.075 Hz) region (thermoregulation). The variability changes considerably between different situations, especially that of the MF region. The variability was most prominent in the MF region and in the standing position. The variability was generally smallest in the HF region and in sleep. The results also demonstrate that the beat-to-beat variability in SBP and HR can considerably affect one another.
|Publication status||Published - 1990|
|MoE publication type||A1 Journal article-refereed|