Short-wave infrared (SWIR) spectral imager based on Fabry-Perot interferometer for remote sensing

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

    12 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland has developed a spectral imager for short-wave infrared (SWIR) wavelength range. The spectral imager is based on a tunable Fabry-Perot interferometer (FPI) accompanied by a commercial InGaAs Camera. The FPI consists of two dielectric coated mirrors separated by a tunable air gap. Tuning of the air gap tunes also transmitted wavelength and therefore FPI acts as a tunable band bass filter. The FPI is piezo-actuated and it uses three piezo-actuators in a closed capacitive feedback loop for air gap tuning. The FPI has multiple order transmission bands, which limit free spectral range. Therefore spectral imager contains two FPI in a stack, to make possible to cover spectral range of 1000 - 1700 nm. However, in the first tests imager was used with one FPI and spectral range was limited to 1100-1600 nm. The spectral resolution of the imager is approximately 15 nm (FWHM). Field of view (FOV) across the flight direction is 30 deg. Imaging resolution of the spectral imager is 256 x 320 pixels. The focal length of the optics is 12 mm and F-number is 3.2. This imager was tested in summer 2014 in an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) and therefore a size and a mass of the imager were critical. Total mass of the imager is approximately 1200 grams. In test campaign the spectral imager will be used for forest and agricultural imaging. In future, because results of the UAV test flights are promising, this technology can be applied to satellite applications also.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings
    Subtitle of host publicationSPIE 9241, Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites XVIII, 2014
    PublisherInternational Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE
    Number of pages8
    ISBN (Print)978-1-6284-1304-5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2014
    MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
    EventSensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites XVIII - Amsterdam, Netherlands
    Duration: 22 Sep 201425 Sep 2014

    Publication series

    SeriesProceedings of SPIE
    Volume9241
    ISSN0277-786X

    Conference

    ConferenceSensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites XVIII
    CountryNetherlands
    CityAmsterdam
    Period22/09/1425/09/14

    Fingerprint

    Fabry-Perot interferometers
    remote sensing
    pilotless aircraft
    air
    tuning
    Finland
    flight tests
    wavelengths
    spectral resolution
    field of view
    summer
    actuators
    pixels
    cameras
    flight
    optics
    mirrors
    filters

    Keywords

    • hyperspectral sensors
    • multispectral image sensors
    • Fabry-Perot Interferometer
    • Piezo actuators
    • imaging spectrometer
    • UAV
    • airborne
    • precision agriculture

    Cite this

    Mannila, R., Holmlund, C., Ojanen, H. J., Näsilä, A., & Saari, H. (2014). Short-wave infrared (SWIR) spectral imager based on Fabry-Perot interferometer for remote sensing. In Proceedings : SPIE 9241, Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites XVIII, 2014 International Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE. Proceedings of SPIE, Vol.. 9241 https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2067206
    Mannila, Rami ; Holmlund, Christer ; Ojanen, Harri J. ; Näsilä, Antti ; Saari, Heikki. / Short-wave infrared (SWIR) spectral imager based on Fabry-Perot interferometer for remote sensing. Proceedings : SPIE 9241, Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites XVIII, 2014. International Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE, 2014. (Proceedings of SPIE, Vol. 9241).
    @inproceedings{f8b2d8eacd234a3eb031aa00f1011efb,
    title = "Short-wave infrared (SWIR) spectral imager based on Fabry-Perot interferometer for remote sensing",
    abstract = "VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland has developed a spectral imager for short-wave infrared (SWIR) wavelength range. The spectral imager is based on a tunable Fabry-Perot interferometer (FPI) accompanied by a commercial InGaAs Camera. The FPI consists of two dielectric coated mirrors separated by a tunable air gap. Tuning of the air gap tunes also transmitted wavelength and therefore FPI acts as a tunable band bass filter. The FPI is piezo-actuated and it uses three piezo-actuators in a closed capacitive feedback loop for air gap tuning. The FPI has multiple order transmission bands, which limit free spectral range. Therefore spectral imager contains two FPI in a stack, to make possible to cover spectral range of 1000 - 1700 nm. However, in the first tests imager was used with one FPI and spectral range was limited to 1100-1600 nm. The spectral resolution of the imager is approximately 15 nm (FWHM). Field of view (FOV) across the flight direction is 30 deg. Imaging resolution of the spectral imager is 256 x 320 pixels. The focal length of the optics is 12 mm and F-number is 3.2. This imager was tested in summer 2014 in an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) and therefore a size and a mass of the imager were critical. Total mass of the imager is approximately 1200 grams. In test campaign the spectral imager will be used for forest and agricultural imaging. In future, because results of the UAV test flights are promising, this technology can be applied to satellite applications also.",
    keywords = "hyperspectral sensors, multispectral image sensors, Fabry-Perot Interferometer, Piezo actuators, imaging spectrometer, UAV, airborne, precision agriculture",
    author = "Rami Mannila and Christer Holmlund and Ojanen, {Harri J.} and Antti N{\"a}sil{\"a} and Heikki Saari",
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    Mannila, R, Holmlund, C, Ojanen, HJ, Näsilä, A & Saari, H 2014, Short-wave infrared (SWIR) spectral imager based on Fabry-Perot interferometer for remote sensing. in Proceedings : SPIE 9241, Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites XVIII, 2014. International Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE, Proceedings of SPIE, vol. 9241, Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites XVIII, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 22/09/14. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2067206

    Short-wave infrared (SWIR) spectral imager based on Fabry-Perot interferometer for remote sensing. / Mannila, Rami; Holmlund, Christer; Ojanen, Harri J.; Näsilä, Antti; Saari, Heikki.

    Proceedings : SPIE 9241, Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites XVIII, 2014. International Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE, 2014. (Proceedings of SPIE, Vol. 9241).

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

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    AU - Mannila, Rami

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    AU - Näsilä, Antti

    AU - Saari, Heikki

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    N2 - VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland has developed a spectral imager for short-wave infrared (SWIR) wavelength range. The spectral imager is based on a tunable Fabry-Perot interferometer (FPI) accompanied by a commercial InGaAs Camera. The FPI consists of two dielectric coated mirrors separated by a tunable air gap. Tuning of the air gap tunes also transmitted wavelength and therefore FPI acts as a tunable band bass filter. The FPI is piezo-actuated and it uses three piezo-actuators in a closed capacitive feedback loop for air gap tuning. The FPI has multiple order transmission bands, which limit free spectral range. Therefore spectral imager contains two FPI in a stack, to make possible to cover spectral range of 1000 - 1700 nm. However, in the first tests imager was used with one FPI and spectral range was limited to 1100-1600 nm. The spectral resolution of the imager is approximately 15 nm (FWHM). Field of view (FOV) across the flight direction is 30 deg. Imaging resolution of the spectral imager is 256 x 320 pixels. The focal length of the optics is 12 mm and F-number is 3.2. This imager was tested in summer 2014 in an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) and therefore a size and a mass of the imager were critical. Total mass of the imager is approximately 1200 grams. In test campaign the spectral imager will be used for forest and agricultural imaging. In future, because results of the UAV test flights are promising, this technology can be applied to satellite applications also.

    AB - VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland has developed a spectral imager for short-wave infrared (SWIR) wavelength range. The spectral imager is based on a tunable Fabry-Perot interferometer (FPI) accompanied by a commercial InGaAs Camera. The FPI consists of two dielectric coated mirrors separated by a tunable air gap. Tuning of the air gap tunes also transmitted wavelength and therefore FPI acts as a tunable band bass filter. The FPI is piezo-actuated and it uses three piezo-actuators in a closed capacitive feedback loop for air gap tuning. The FPI has multiple order transmission bands, which limit free spectral range. Therefore spectral imager contains two FPI in a stack, to make possible to cover spectral range of 1000 - 1700 nm. However, in the first tests imager was used with one FPI and spectral range was limited to 1100-1600 nm. The spectral resolution of the imager is approximately 15 nm (FWHM). Field of view (FOV) across the flight direction is 30 deg. Imaging resolution of the spectral imager is 256 x 320 pixels. The focal length of the optics is 12 mm and F-number is 3.2. This imager was tested in summer 2014 in an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) and therefore a size and a mass of the imager were critical. Total mass of the imager is approximately 1200 grams. In test campaign the spectral imager will be used for forest and agricultural imaging. In future, because results of the UAV test flights are promising, this technology can be applied to satellite applications also.

    KW - hyperspectral sensors

    KW - multispectral image sensors

    KW - Fabry-Perot Interferometer

    KW - Piezo actuators

    KW - imaging spectrometer

    KW - UAV

    KW - airborne

    KW - precision agriculture

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    Mannila R, Holmlund C, Ojanen HJ, Näsilä A, Saari H. Short-wave infrared (SWIR) spectral imager based on Fabry-Perot interferometer for remote sensing. In Proceedings : SPIE 9241, Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites XVIII, 2014. International Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE. 2014. (Proceedings of SPIE, Vol. 9241). https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2067206