Simple and rapid synthesis of α-Fe2O3 nanowires under ambient conditions

Albert Nasibulin (Corresponding Author), S. Rackauskas, T. Jiang, Y. Tian, P. R. Mudimela, S. D. Shandakov, L. I. Nasibulina, J. Sainio, Esko I. Kauppinen (Corresponding Author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

188 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We propose a simple method for the efficient and rapid synthesis of one-dimensional hematite (α-Fe2O3) nanostructures based on electrical resistive heating of iron wire under ambient conditions. Typically, 1–5 μm long α-Fe2O3 nanowires were synthesized on a time scale of seconds at temperatures of around 700 ° ⊂. The morphology, structure, and mechanism of formation of the nanowires were studied by scanning and transmission electron microscopies, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and Raman techniques. A nanowire growth mechanism based on diffusion of iron ions to the surface through grain boundaries and to the growing wire tip through stacking fault defects and due to surface diffusion is proposed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)373-379
JournalNano Research
Volume2
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • Fe2O3
  • Hematite
  • Mechanism
  • Nanowire
  • Synthesis Address

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