Simplified analytical models are developed for evaluating the thermal performance of closed-wet cooling towers (CWCTs) for use with chilled ceilings in cooling of buildings. Two methods of simplication are used with regard to the temperature of spray water inside the tower. The results obtained from these models for a prototype cooling tower are very close to experimental measurements. The thermal performance of the cooling tower is evaluated under nominal conditions. The results show that the maximum difference in the calculated cooling water heat or air sensible heat between the two simplified methods and a general computational model is less than 3%. The analytical model distribution of the sensible heat along the tower is then incorporated with computational fluid dynamics (CFD) to assess the thermal performance of the tower. It is found that CFD results agree well with the analytical results when the air flow is simulated with air supply from the bottom of the tower, which represents a uniform air flow. CFD shows the importance of the uniform distribution of air and spray water to achieve optimum design.
|Number of pages||14|
|Journal||International Journal of Energy Research|
|Publication status||Published - 25 Oct 2002|
|MoE publication type||A1 Journal article-refereed|
- Analytical model
- Chilled ceilings
- Cooling tower