Simulation-Based Assessment of the Properties and Performance of a Biomass Terminal

Olli-Jussi Korpinen, Mika Aalto, Matti Virkkunen, Jyrki Raitila, Tapio Ranta

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

    1 Citation (Scopus)


    The profitability of a biomass terminal can be analysed as an individual cost pool in biomass logistics by static calculations, but they can be also complemented by simulation studies. The dynamic simulation approach accounts for temporal factors, whose impacts on the sizing and resource needs of the terminal can be substantial. They can also have economic reflections on the supply system outside the terminal. This paper presents a simulation model and an experiment simulating operations in a large feed-in terminal with different solutions of biomass deliveries. The results indicate that, in typical Nordic circumstances, biomass terminals based on stemwood processing have relatively high storage size and resource need in the winter and underutilization of terminal space in the remaining seasons. Adjustment of the optimal number of resources for each period of the operational year guarantees the fluency of operations at the terminal without significant delays for inbound and outbound truck deliveries.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationEUBCE Conference Proceedings
    PublisherETA-Florence Renewable Energies
    ISBN (Print)978-88-89407-17-2
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2017
    MoE publication typeB3 Non-refereed article in conference proceedings
    Event25th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition, EUBCE 2017 - Stockholm, Sweden
    Duration: 12 Jun 201715 Jun 2017

    Publication series

    SeriesEuropean Biomass Conference and Exhibition Proceedings


    Conference25th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition, EUBCE 2017
    Abbreviated titleEUBCE 2017


    The simulation model presented in this paper is based on the work carried out in the “Sustainable Bioenergy Solutions for Tomorrow” (BEST) research program coordinated by CLIC Innovation Ltd. with funding from the Finnish Funding Agency for Innovation, Tekes. Modelling competence of the authors has been advanced in the project “Terminal Operations in Energy Efficient Timber Logistics” with funding from ERDF programme for Southern Finland.


    • storage
    • transportation
    • upgrading
    • supply chain
    • biomass terminal
    • simulation modelling


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