Simulation of brittle failure of ice

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

    3 Citations (Scopus)


    The compressive failure mode of ice and other brittle-like materials under uniaxial compression is axial splitting along the loading direction. The failure mode is known to be sensitive to the end conditions of the test specimen. Compressive failure mode is one of the most important modes in the ice-structure interaction but there are no simulation tools available for the analysis of the mode. The splitting mode is not shown only in uniaxial compression tests. The horizontal splitting of level ice in the interaction with structure has been observed in the field tests. Sliding crack or wing crack mechanism is a failure mechanism that has been observed in the uniaxial compression tests of ice. Material models based on the wing crack mechanism have been proposed for ice and other quasi-brittle materials but have not been implemented into finite element software. In this paper a modified wing crack approach is presented. The continuum damage mechanics approach is based on the Gibbs energy density for cracked continuum. The cracks are assumed to be penny-shaped where the orientation and size of the cracks are modelled with a crack density tensor. The approach leads to damage induced anisotropy. The interaction of wing cracks is taken into account. The apparent increase of Poisson's ratio during the compression is tackled using the proposed approach. The numerical examples showed that both the tensile and compressive tests can be successfully simulated using the proposed approach
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings of the 22nd International Conference on Port and Ocean Engineering Under Arctic Conditions
    Subtitle of host publicationPOAC 2013
    EditorsArttu Polojärvi, Jukka Tuhkuri
    Place of PublicationEspoo
    PublisherAalto University
    ISBN (Electronic)978-952-60-5232-8
    ISBN (Print)978-952-60-5233-5, 978-1-63266-549-2
    Publication statusPublished - 2013
    MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
    Event22nd International Conference on Port and Ocean Engineering under Arctic Conditions, POAC 2013 - Espoo, Finland
    Duration: 9 Jun 201313 Jun 2013
    Conference number: 22

    Publication series

    SeriesPOAC Proceedings
    SeriesAalto University Publication Series Science + Technology


    Conference22nd International Conference on Port and Ocean Engineering under Arctic Conditions, POAC 2013
    Abbreviated titlePOAC 2013


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