Simulation of flame acceleration in unconfined vapour cloud explosions

Lars Kjäldman, Risto Huhtanen

    Research output: Book/ReportReport


    The goal of this work was to investigate the feasibility of numerical simulation in accident and safety analysis of unconfined vapour cloud explosions and whether it is possible to simulate the flame acceleration phenomen based on the published data of experiments. Two vapour cloud explosion experiments reported in the literature have been simulated with the PHOENICS-code. The flame acceleration, which was mainly due to the enhanced combustion from turbulence generation at obstacles in the flow regime, could be simulated. The computation gave correct order of magnitude for the maximum overpressure in both explosions, of which one was weak and the other strong. The differences between the computed results and experiments are discussed and suggestions how to improve the simulation model are given. Generally, more simulations of explosions and detailed experimental information of the initial conditions and development of the explosions are needed before simulations can reliably be used in accident and safety analysis.
    Original languageEnglish
    Place of PublicationEspoo
    PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
    Number of pages56
    ISBN (Print)951-38-2384-9
    Publication statusPublished - 1985
    MoE publication typeD4 Published development or research report or study

    Publication series

    SeriesValtion teknillinen tutkimuskeskus. Tutkimuksia - Research Reports


    • simulation
    • flames
    • acceleration
    • vapors
    • explosions


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