Simulation of Wind Powered Hydraulic Heating System

Hamid Roozbahani, Juha Matti Herpio, Rafael Åman, Heikki Handroos

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


The objective of this paper is to design and simulate a wind powered hydraulic heating system that can operate independently in remote places where the use of electricity is not possible. Components for the system were to be selected in such a way that the conditions for manufacture, use and economic viability are the as good as possible. Savonius rotor is chosen for wind turbine, due to its low cut in speed and robust design. Savonius rotor produces kinetic energy in wide wind speed range and it can withstand high wind gusts. Radial piston pump is chosen for the flow source of the hydraulic heater. Pump type is selected due to its characteristics in low rotation speeds and high efficiency. Volume flow from the pump is passed through the throttle orifice. Pressure drop over the orifice causes the hydraulic oil to heat up and, thus, creating thermal energy. Thermal energy in the oil is led to radiator where it conducts heat to the environment. The hydraulic heating system is simulated. For this purpose, a mathematical models of chosen components were created. In simulation wind data gathered by Finnish meteorological institute for 167 hours is used as input. The highest produced power is achieved by changing the orifice diameter so that the rotor tip speed ratio follows the power curve. This is not possible to achieve without using electricity. Thus, for the orifice diameter only one, the optimal value is defined. Results from the simulation were compared with investment calculations. Different parameters effecting the investment profitability were altered in sensitivity analyses in order to define the points of investment profitability. Investment is found to be profitable only with high average wind speeds.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2018 Global Fluid Power Society PhD Symposium, GFPS 2018
PublisherIEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-5386-4785-1
ISBN (Print)978-1-5386-4786-8
Publication statusPublished - 25 Sept 2018
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
Event2018 Global Fluid Power Society PhD Symposium, GFPS 2018 - Samara, Russian Federation
Duration: 18 Jul 201820 Jul 2018


Conference2018 Global Fluid Power Society PhD Symposium, GFPS 2018
Country/TerritoryRussian Federation


  • Fluid power circuit
  • Investment
  • Savonius Rotor
  • Thermal power
  • Throttling


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