Simulations of Autonomous Ship Collision Avoidance System for Design and Evaluation

Jussi Martio (Corresponding author), Kai Happonen, Hannu Karvonen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Abstract

The main features of our simulation platform aimed for autonomous marine navigation research are described in this paper. The platform includes a Collision Avoidance System featuring two sub-systems: a decision-making protocol and an autopilot. The decision-making subsystem navigates the vessel according to the collision avoidance regulations (COLREGs), whereas the autopilot commands propulsors and control de, vices. The utilized autopilot features three modes: track-, heading- and docking modes. During an evasive action, the autopilot mode is changed from the track mode to heading mode. However, the location of the ship related to the track and track limits is monitored in the heading mode also. For harbor maneuvering, the function of the track mode is extended to slow speeds. The system has been implemented to a ship handling simulator environment and selected simulation scenario with object crossings is presented in this paper. The developed system can be used for the design and evaluation of autonomous ship systems. More specifically, we suggest the following application fields for the system: 1) development of autonomous navigation systems, 2) human factors studies with potential users, 3) verification and validation activities, and 4) scenario tests before real implementations on autonomous vessels. Finally, the general requirements and boundary conditions related to autonomous navigation systems are also discussed in the paper.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMarine Design XIII
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the 13th International Marine Design Conference (IMDC 2018), June 10-14, 2018, Helsinki, Finland
EditorsPentti Kujala, Liangliang Lu
Pages909-914
Number of pages6
Volume2
Edition1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018
MoE publication typeNot Eligible
Event13th International Marine Design Conference, IMDC 2018 - Helsinki, Finland
Duration: 10 Jun 201814 Jun 2018
Conference number: 13

Publication series

SeriesMarine Design XIII
Volume2

Conference

Conference13th International Marine Design Conference, IMDC 2018
Abbreviated titleIMDC 2018
CountryFinland
CityHelsinki
Period10/06/1814/06/18

Fingerprint

Collision avoidance
Ships
Navigation systems
Decision making
Ports and harbors
Human engineering
Simulators
Boundary conditions
Network protocols

Keywords

  • Autonomous ships
  • Autonomous navigation
  • Simulation

Cite this

Martio, J., Happonen, K., & Karvonen, H. (2018). Simulations of Autonomous Ship Collision Avoidance System for Design and Evaluation. In P. Kujala, & L. Lu (Eds.), Marine Design XIII: Proceedings of the 13th International Marine Design Conference (IMDC 2018), June 10-14, 2018, Helsinki, Finland (1 ed., Vol. 2, pp. 909-914). Marine Design XIII, Vol.. 2
Martio, Jussi ; Happonen, Kai ; Karvonen, Hannu. / Simulations of Autonomous Ship Collision Avoidance System for Design and Evaluation. Marine Design XIII: Proceedings of the 13th International Marine Design Conference (IMDC 2018), June 10-14, 2018, Helsinki, Finland. editor / Pentti Kujala ; Liangliang Lu. Vol. 2 1. ed. 2018. pp. 909-914 (Marine Design XIII, Vol. 2).
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title = "Simulations of Autonomous Ship Collision Avoidance System for Design and Evaluation",
abstract = "The main features of our simulation platform aimed for autonomous marine navigation research are described in this paper. The platform includes a Collision Avoidance System featuring two sub-systems: a decision-making protocol and an autopilot. The decision-making subsystem navigates the vessel according to the collision avoidance regulations (COLREGs), whereas the autopilot commands propulsors and control de, vices. The utilized autopilot features three modes: track-, heading- and docking modes. During an evasive action, the autopilot mode is changed from the track mode to heading mode. However, the location of the ship related to the track and track limits is monitored in the heading mode also. For harbor maneuvering, the function of the track mode is extended to slow speeds. The system has been implemented to a ship handling simulator environment and selected simulation scenario with object crossings is presented in this paper. The developed system can be used for the design and evaluation of autonomous ship systems. More specifically, we suggest the following application fields for the system: 1) development of autonomous navigation systems, 2) human factors studies with potential users, 3) verification and validation activities, and 4) scenario tests before real implementations on autonomous vessels. Finally, the general requirements and boundary conditions related to autonomous navigation systems are also discussed in the paper.",
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Martio, J, Happonen, K & Karvonen, H 2018, Simulations of Autonomous Ship Collision Avoidance System for Design and Evaluation. in P Kujala & L Lu (eds), Marine Design XIII: Proceedings of the 13th International Marine Design Conference (IMDC 2018), June 10-14, 2018, Helsinki, Finland. 1 edn, vol. 2, Marine Design XIII, vol. 2, pp. 909-914, 13th International Marine Design Conference, IMDC 2018, Helsinki, Finland, 10/06/18.

Simulations of Autonomous Ship Collision Avoidance System for Design and Evaluation. / Martio, Jussi (Corresponding author); Happonen, Kai; Karvonen, Hannu.

Marine Design XIII: Proceedings of the 13th International Marine Design Conference (IMDC 2018), June 10-14, 2018, Helsinki, Finland. ed. / Pentti Kujala; Liangliang Lu. Vol. 2 1. ed. 2018. p. 909-914 (Marine Design XIII, Vol. 2).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

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Martio J, Happonen K, Karvonen H. Simulations of Autonomous Ship Collision Avoidance System for Design and Evaluation. In Kujala P, Lu L, editors, Marine Design XIII: Proceedings of the 13th International Marine Design Conference (IMDC 2018), June 10-14, 2018, Helsinki, Finland. 1 ed. Vol. 2. 2018. p. 909-914. (Marine Design XIII, Vol. 2).