Single-electronic radio-frequency refrigerator

S. Kafanov (Corresponding Author), Antti Kemppinen, Y.A. Pashkin, M. Meschke, J.S. Tsai, J.P. Pekola

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    24 Citations (Scopus)


    We demonstrate experimentally that a hybrid single-electron transistor with superconducting leads and a normal-metal island can be refrigerated by an alternating voltage applied to the gate electrode. The simultaneous measurement of the dc current induced by the rf gate through the device at a small bias voltage serves as an in situ thermometer.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number120801
    Number of pages4
    JournalPhysical Review Letters
    Publication statusPublished - 2009
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


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