Single pixel characterization of X-ray TES microcalorimeter under AC bias at MHz frequencies

H. Akamatsu, L. Gottardi, J. Adams, C. Bailey, S. Bandler, M. Bruijn, J. Chervenak, M. Eckart, F. Finkbeiner, R. Den Hartog, H. Hoevers, R. Kelley, J. van Der Kuur, T. Van Den Linden, M. Lindeman, F. Porter, J. Sadleir, S. Smith, J. Beyer, Mikko Kiviranta

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    7 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    In this paper, we present the progress made at SRON in the read-out of X-ray Transition Edge Sensor (TES) microcalorimeters under AC bias. The experiments reported so far, whose aim was to demonstrate an energy resolution of 2 eV at 6 keV with a TES acting as a modulator, were carried out at frequencies below 700 kHz using a standard flux locked loop SQUID read-out scheme. The TES read-out suffered from the use of suboptimal circuit components, large parasitic inductances, low quality factor resonators, and poor magnetic field shielding. We have developed a novel experimental set-up that allows us to test several read-out schemes in a single cryogenic run. In this set-up, the TES pixels from a GSFC array are coupled via superconducting transformers to 18 high-Q lithographic LC filters with resonant frequencies ranging between 2 and 5 MHz. The signal is amplified by a two-stage SQUID current sensor and baseband feedback is used to overcome the limited SQUID dynamic range. We measured an X-ray energy resolution of 3.6 eV at 1.4 MHz, which is consistent with the measured integrated Noise Equivalent Power.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number2100503
    Number of pages3
    JournalIEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity
    Volume23
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2013
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed
    EventApplied Superconductivity Conference, ASC 2012 - Portland, United States
    Duration: 7 Oct 201212 Oct 2012

    Fingerprint

    calorimeters
    alternating current
    Pixels
    pixels
    SQUIDs
    X rays
    sensors
    Sensors
    x rays
    Q factors
    inductance
    transformers
    Inductance
    Shielding
    Cryogenics
    Modulators
    cryogenics
    dynamic range
    shielding
    resonant frequencies

    Keywords

    • astrophysics
    • spectroscopy
    • x-ray
    • detectors

    Cite this

    Akamatsu, H. ; Gottardi, L. ; Adams, J. ; Bailey, C. ; Bandler, S. ; Bruijn, M. ; Chervenak, J. ; Eckart, M. ; Finkbeiner, F. ; Den Hartog, R. ; Hoevers, H. ; Kelley, R. ; van Der Kuur, J. ; Van Den Linden, T. ; Lindeman, M. ; Porter, F. ; Sadleir, J. ; Smith, S. ; Beyer, J. ; Kiviranta, Mikko. / Single pixel characterization of X-ray TES microcalorimeter under AC bias at MHz frequencies. In: IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity. 2013 ; Vol. 23, No. 3.
    @article{60bce473345a479abec81ecf51fd12be,
    title = "Single pixel characterization of X-ray TES microcalorimeter under AC bias at MHz frequencies",
    abstract = "In this paper, we present the progress made at SRON in the read-out of X-ray Transition Edge Sensor (TES) microcalorimeters under AC bias. The experiments reported so far, whose aim was to demonstrate an energy resolution of 2 eV at 6 keV with a TES acting as a modulator, were carried out at frequencies below 700 kHz using a standard flux locked loop SQUID read-out scheme. The TES read-out suffered from the use of suboptimal circuit components, large parasitic inductances, low quality factor resonators, and poor magnetic field shielding. We have developed a novel experimental set-up that allows us to test several read-out schemes in a single cryogenic run. In this set-up, the TES pixels from a GSFC array are coupled via superconducting transformers to 18 high-Q lithographic LC filters with resonant frequencies ranging between 2 and 5 MHz. The signal is amplified by a two-stage SQUID current sensor and baseband feedback is used to overcome the limited SQUID dynamic range. We measured an X-ray energy resolution of 3.6 eV at 1.4 MHz, which is consistent with the measured integrated Noise Equivalent Power.",
    keywords = "astrophysics, spectroscopy, x-ray, detectors",
    author = "H. Akamatsu and L. Gottardi and J. Adams and C. Bailey and S. Bandler and M. Bruijn and J. Chervenak and M. Eckart and F. Finkbeiner and {Den Hartog}, R. and H. Hoevers and R. Kelley and {van Der Kuur}, J. and {Van Den Linden}, T. and M. Lindeman and F. Porter and J. Sadleir and S. Smith and J. Beyer and Mikko Kiviranta",
    year = "2013",
    doi = "10.1109/TASC.2012.2235509",
    language = "English",
    volume = "23",
    journal = "IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity",
    issn = "1051-8223",
    publisher = "IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers",
    number = "3",

    }

    Akamatsu, H, Gottardi, L, Adams, J, Bailey, C, Bandler, S, Bruijn, M, Chervenak, J, Eckart, M, Finkbeiner, F, Den Hartog, R, Hoevers, H, Kelley, R, van Der Kuur, J, Van Den Linden, T, Lindeman, M, Porter, F, Sadleir, J, Smith, S, Beyer, J & Kiviranta, M 2013, 'Single pixel characterization of X-ray TES microcalorimeter under AC bias at MHz frequencies', IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, vol. 23, no. 3, 2100503. https://doi.org/10.1109/TASC.2012.2235509

    Single pixel characterization of X-ray TES microcalorimeter under AC bias at MHz frequencies. / Akamatsu, H.; Gottardi, L.; Adams, J.; Bailey, C.; Bandler, S.; Bruijn, M.; Chervenak, J.; Eckart, M.; Finkbeiner, F.; Den Hartog, R.; Hoevers, H.; Kelley, R.; van Der Kuur, J.; Van Den Linden, T.; Lindeman, M.; Porter, F.; Sadleir, J.; Smith, S.; Beyer, J.; Kiviranta, Mikko.

    In: IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, Vol. 23, No. 3, 2100503, 2013.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Single pixel characterization of X-ray TES microcalorimeter under AC bias at MHz frequencies

    AU - Akamatsu, H.

    AU - Gottardi, L.

    AU - Adams, J.

    AU - Bailey, C.

    AU - Bandler, S.

    AU - Bruijn, M.

    AU - Chervenak, J.

    AU - Eckart, M.

    AU - Finkbeiner, F.

    AU - Den Hartog, R.

    AU - Hoevers, H.

    AU - Kelley, R.

    AU - van Der Kuur, J.

    AU - Van Den Linden, T.

    AU - Lindeman, M.

    AU - Porter, F.

    AU - Sadleir, J.

    AU - Smith, S.

    AU - Beyer, J.

    AU - Kiviranta, Mikko

    PY - 2013

    Y1 - 2013

    N2 - In this paper, we present the progress made at SRON in the read-out of X-ray Transition Edge Sensor (TES) microcalorimeters under AC bias. The experiments reported so far, whose aim was to demonstrate an energy resolution of 2 eV at 6 keV with a TES acting as a modulator, were carried out at frequencies below 700 kHz using a standard flux locked loop SQUID read-out scheme. The TES read-out suffered from the use of suboptimal circuit components, large parasitic inductances, low quality factor resonators, and poor magnetic field shielding. We have developed a novel experimental set-up that allows us to test several read-out schemes in a single cryogenic run. In this set-up, the TES pixels from a GSFC array are coupled via superconducting transformers to 18 high-Q lithographic LC filters with resonant frequencies ranging between 2 and 5 MHz. The signal is amplified by a two-stage SQUID current sensor and baseband feedback is used to overcome the limited SQUID dynamic range. We measured an X-ray energy resolution of 3.6 eV at 1.4 MHz, which is consistent with the measured integrated Noise Equivalent Power.

    AB - In this paper, we present the progress made at SRON in the read-out of X-ray Transition Edge Sensor (TES) microcalorimeters under AC bias. The experiments reported so far, whose aim was to demonstrate an energy resolution of 2 eV at 6 keV with a TES acting as a modulator, were carried out at frequencies below 700 kHz using a standard flux locked loop SQUID read-out scheme. The TES read-out suffered from the use of suboptimal circuit components, large parasitic inductances, low quality factor resonators, and poor magnetic field shielding. We have developed a novel experimental set-up that allows us to test several read-out schemes in a single cryogenic run. In this set-up, the TES pixels from a GSFC array are coupled via superconducting transformers to 18 high-Q lithographic LC filters with resonant frequencies ranging between 2 and 5 MHz. The signal is amplified by a two-stage SQUID current sensor and baseband feedback is used to overcome the limited SQUID dynamic range. We measured an X-ray energy resolution of 3.6 eV at 1.4 MHz, which is consistent with the measured integrated Noise Equivalent Power.

    KW - astrophysics

    KW - spectroscopy

    KW - x-ray

    KW - detectors

    U2 - 10.1109/TASC.2012.2235509

    DO - 10.1109/TASC.2012.2235509

    M3 - Article

    VL - 23

    JO - IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity

    JF - IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity

    SN - 1051-8223

    IS - 3

    M1 - 2100503

    ER -