Smart materials

Marke Kallio, Reima Lahtinen, Jari Koskinen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review


The field of smart materials and structures is emerging rapidly with technological innovations appearing in engineering materials, sensors, actuators and image processing. Smart materials can be defined in several ways [1]: 1. Materials functioning as both sensing and actuating 2. Materials, which have multiple responses to one stimulus in a coordinated fashion 3. Passively smart materials with self-repairing or stand-by characteristics to withstand sudden changes 4. Actively smart materials utilising feedback 5. Smart materials and systems reproducing biological functions in load bearing systems. Smart materials can be either inorganic, organic or composites. In this article, different groups of smart materials are presented and their properties are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSmart materials and structures
Subtitle of host publicationVTT Research Programme 2000-2002
Place of PublicationEspoo
PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
ISBN (Electronic)951-38-6279-8
ISBN (Print)951-38-6278-X
Publication statusPublished - 2003
MoE publication typeNot Eligible
EventSmart materials and structures: VTT Research Program 2000–2002 - Espoo, Finland
Duration: 4 Dec 20024 Dec 2002

Publication series

SeriesVTT Symposium


SeminarSmart materials and structures


Dive into the research topics of 'Smart materials'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this