Soft Missile Impact on Shear Reinforced Concrete Wall

Arja Saarenheimo, Kim Calonius, Markku Tuomala, Ilkka Hakola

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


In developing numerical approaches for predicting the response of reinforced concrete structures impacted on by deformable projectiles, we predict structural behavior collapse and damage using simple analysis and extensive nonlinear finite element (FE) models. To verify their accuracy, we compared numerical results to experimental data and observations on impactloaded concrete walls with bending and transverse shear reinforcement. Different models prove adequate for different cases and are sensitive to different variables, making it important to rely on more than a single model alone. For wall deformation in bending mode, deflection is predicted reasonably well by simple four-node shell elements. Where punching dominates, transverse shear behavior must be considered. Formation of a shear failure cone is modeled using three-dimensional solid elements.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)426-436
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Disaster Research
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2010
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • impact load
  • reinforced concrete
  • deformable missile


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