In developing numerical approaches for predicting the response of reinforced concrete structures impacted on by deformable projectiles, we predict structural behavior collapse and damage using simple analysis and extensive nonlinear finite element (FE)models. To verify their accuracy, we compared numerical results to experimental data and observations on impact-loaded concrete walls with bending and transverse shear reinforcement. Different models prove adequate for different cases and are sensitive to different variables, making it important to rely on more than a single model alone. For wall deformation in bending mode, deflection is predicted reasonably well by simple four-node shell elements. Where punching dominates, transverse shear behavior must be considered. Formation of a shear failure cone is modeled using three-dimensional solid elements.
- impact load
- reinforced concrete
- deformable missile
Saarenheimo, A., Calonius, K., Tuomala, M., & Hakola, I. (2010). Soft missile impact on shear reinforced concrete wall. Journal of Disaster Research, 5(4), 426-436. https://doi.org/10.20965/jdr.2010.p0426