SOL Transport and Filamentary Dynamics in High Density Tokamak Regimes

Antti Hakola, Nicola Vianello (Corresponding author), Daniel Carralero, Cedric Tsui, Volker Naulin, Matteo Agostini, J Boedo, Benoit Labit, Christian Theiler, Diego Aguiam, Scott Allan, Matthias Bernert, Stefan Costea, Istvan Cziegler, Hugo de Oliveira, Joaquin Galdon-Quiroga, Gustavo Grenfell, Codrina Ionita, Heinz Isliker, Alexander KarpushovJernej Kovacic, Bruce Lipschultz, Roberto Maurizio, Ken McClements, Fulvio Militello, Jeppe Olsen, Jens Juul Rasmussen, Timo Ravensbergen, Holger Reimerdes, Bernd Schneider, Roman Schrittwieser, Monica Spolaore, Kevin Verhaegh, Jose Vicente, Nick Walkden, Wei Zhang, Elisabeth Wolfrum

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference abstract in proceedingsScientific

    Abstract

    Addressing the role of scrape off layer filamentary transport is a subject of intense studies in fusion science. Intermittent structures dominate transport in L-Mode and strongly contribute to particle and energy losses in H-mode. The role of convective radial losses has become even more important due to its contribution to the shoulder formation in L-Mode, describing the progressive flattening of the density scrape off layer profile at high density [1]. Investigation of this process revealed the strong relationship between divertor conditions
    and the upstream profiles, mediated by filaments dynamics which varies according to the downstream conditions. Preliminary investigations suggested that similar mechanisms occur in H-Mode [1] and that filaments contribute the SOL transport in H-mode density limit (HDL) as well [4]. The present contribution will report on results obtained on ASDEX-Upgrade and TCV tokamaks, to address the role of filamentary transport in high density regimes both in L- and H-Mode. The combined results enlarge the operational space, from a device with a closed divertor, metallic first wall and cryogenic pumping system to a carbon machine with a completely open divertor. The mechanism of shoulder formation
    and the role of filaments have been tested against variation of plasma current, magnetic configuration (single and double null plasmas), and divertor neutral densities, through modification of cryopump efficiency. At constant magnetic field the density decay length increases with filament-size independently of the plasma current for both machines in L-mode, consistently with the fact that upstream profiles and divertor neutral pressure exhibit the same trend with normalized Greenwald fraction.
    In H-Mode fuelling is insufficient to cause flattening of SOL profiles in the inter-ELM phases since large neutral pressure is needed. Consistently inter-ELM blob size in AUG are found larger whenever the cryopumps is switched off. The resulting picture suggests a complex relationship between divertor and upstream profiles, where filaments are modified by divertor conditions as well as by neutral particles interaction.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publication27th IAEA Fusion Energy Conference
    Subtitle of host publicationProgramme and Abstracts
    PublisherInternational Atomic Energy Agency IAEA
    Pages396-397
    Publication statusPublished - Oct 2018
    MoE publication typeNot Eligible
    Event27th IAEA Fusion Energy Conference, FEC 2018 - Ghandhinagar, Ahmedabad, India
    Duration: 22 Oct 201827 Oct 2018
    Conference number: 27
    https://www.iaea.org/events/fec-2018

    Conference

    Conference27th IAEA Fusion Energy Conference, FEC 2018
    Abbreviated titleFEC
    CountryIndia
    CityAhmedabad
    Period22/10/1827/10/18
    Internet address

    Fingerprint

    filaments
    upstream
    profiles
    plasma currents
    flattening
    shoulders
    refueling
    neutral particles
    particle interactions
    cryogenics
    pumping
    energy dissipation
    fusion
    trends
    causes
    carbon
    decay
    configurations
    magnetic fields

    Cite this

    Hakola, A., Vianello, N., Carralero, D., Tsui, C., Naulin, V., Agostini, M., ... Wolfrum, E. (2018). SOL Transport and Filamentary Dynamics in High Density Tokamak Regimes. In 27th IAEA Fusion Energy Conference: Programme and Abstracts (pp. 396-397). International Atomic Energy Agency IAEA.
    Hakola, Antti ; Vianello, Nicola ; Carralero, Daniel ; Tsui, Cedric ; Naulin, Volker ; Agostini, Matteo ; Boedo, J ; Labit, Benoit ; Theiler, Christian ; Aguiam, Diego ; Allan, Scott ; Bernert, Matthias ; Costea, Stefan ; Cziegler, Istvan ; de Oliveira, Hugo ; Galdon-Quiroga, Joaquin ; Grenfell, Gustavo ; Ionita, Codrina ; Isliker, Heinz ; Karpushov, Alexander ; Kovacic, Jernej ; Lipschultz, Bruce ; Maurizio, Roberto ; McClements, Ken ; Militello, Fulvio ; Olsen, Jeppe ; Rasmussen, Jens Juul ; Ravensbergen, Timo ; Reimerdes, Holger ; Schneider, Bernd ; Schrittwieser, Roman ; Spolaore, Monica ; Verhaegh, Kevin ; Vicente, Jose ; Walkden, Nick ; Zhang, Wei ; Wolfrum, Elisabeth. / SOL Transport and Filamentary Dynamics in High Density Tokamak Regimes. 27th IAEA Fusion Energy Conference: Programme and Abstracts. International Atomic Energy Agency IAEA, 2018. pp. 396-397
    @inbook{e6fa138a32134b43b2745f3dc260fe81,
    title = "SOL Transport and Filamentary Dynamics in High Density Tokamak Regimes",
    abstract = "Addressing the role of scrape off layer filamentary transport is a subject of intense studies in fusion science. Intermittent structures dominate transport in L-Mode and strongly contribute to particle and energy losses in H-mode. The role of convective radial losses has become even more important due to its contribution to the shoulder formation in L-Mode, describing the progressive flattening of the density scrape off layer profile at high density [1]. Investigation of this process revealed the strong relationship between divertor conditionsand the upstream profiles, mediated by filaments dynamics which varies according to the downstream conditions. Preliminary investigations suggested that similar mechanisms occur in H-Mode [1] and that filaments contribute the SOL transport in H-mode density limit (HDL) as well [4]. The present contribution will report on results obtained on ASDEX-Upgrade and TCV tokamaks, to address the role of filamentary transport in high density regimes both in L- and H-Mode. The combined results enlarge the operational space, from a device with a closed divertor, metallic first wall and cryogenic pumping system to a carbon machine with a completely open divertor. The mechanism of shoulder formationand the role of filaments have been tested against variation of plasma current, magnetic configuration (single and double null plasmas), and divertor neutral densities, through modification of cryopump efficiency. At constant magnetic field the density decay length increases with filament-size independently of the plasma current for both machines in L-mode, consistently with the fact that upstream profiles and divertor neutral pressure exhibit the same trend with normalized Greenwald fraction.In H-Mode fuelling is insufficient to cause flattening of SOL profiles in the inter-ELM phases since large neutral pressure is needed. Consistently inter-ELM blob size in AUG are found larger whenever the cryopumps is switched off. The resulting picture suggests a complex relationship between divertor and upstream profiles, where filaments are modified by divertor conditions as well as by neutral particles interaction.",
    author = "Antti Hakola and Nicola Vianello and Daniel Carralero and Cedric Tsui and Volker Naulin and Matteo Agostini and J Boedo and Benoit Labit and Christian Theiler and Diego Aguiam and Scott Allan and Matthias Bernert and Stefan Costea and Istvan Cziegler and {de Oliveira}, Hugo and Joaquin Galdon-Quiroga and Gustavo Grenfell and Codrina Ionita and Heinz Isliker and Alexander Karpushov and Jernej Kovacic and Bruce Lipschultz and Roberto Maurizio and Ken McClements and Fulvio Militello and Jeppe Olsen and Rasmussen, {Jens Juul} and Timo Ravensbergen and Holger Reimerdes and Bernd Schneider and Roman Schrittwieser and Monica Spolaore and Kevin Verhaegh and Jose Vicente and Nick Walkden and Wei Zhang and Elisabeth Wolfrum",
    year = "2018",
    month = "10",
    language = "English",
    pages = "396--397",
    booktitle = "27th IAEA Fusion Energy Conference",
    publisher = "International Atomic Energy Agency IAEA",
    address = "Austria",

    }

    Hakola, A, Vianello, N, Carralero, D, Tsui, C, Naulin, V, Agostini, M, Boedo, J, Labit, B, Theiler, C, Aguiam, D, Allan, S, Bernert, M, Costea, S, Cziegler, I, de Oliveira, H, Galdon-Quiroga, J, Grenfell, G, Ionita, C, Isliker, H, Karpushov, A, Kovacic, J, Lipschultz, B, Maurizio, R, McClements, K, Militello, F, Olsen, J, Rasmussen, JJ, Ravensbergen, T, Reimerdes, H, Schneider, B, Schrittwieser, R, Spolaore, M, Verhaegh, K, Vicente, J, Walkden, N, Zhang, W & Wolfrum, E 2018, SOL Transport and Filamentary Dynamics in High Density Tokamak Regimes. in 27th IAEA Fusion Energy Conference: Programme and Abstracts. International Atomic Energy Agency IAEA, pp. 396-397, 27th IAEA Fusion Energy Conference, FEC 2018, Ahmedabad, India, 22/10/18.

    SOL Transport and Filamentary Dynamics in High Density Tokamak Regimes. / Hakola, Antti; Vianello, Nicola (Corresponding author); Carralero, Daniel; Tsui, Cedric; Naulin, Volker; Agostini, Matteo; Boedo, J; Labit, Benoit; Theiler, Christian; Aguiam, Diego; Allan, Scott; Bernert, Matthias; Costea, Stefan; Cziegler, Istvan; de Oliveira, Hugo; Galdon-Quiroga, Joaquin; Grenfell, Gustavo; Ionita, Codrina; Isliker, Heinz; Karpushov, Alexander; Kovacic, Jernej; Lipschultz, Bruce; Maurizio, Roberto; McClements, Ken; Militello, Fulvio; Olsen, Jeppe; Rasmussen, Jens Juul; Ravensbergen, Timo; Reimerdes, Holger; Schneider, Bernd; Schrittwieser, Roman; Spolaore, Monica; Verhaegh, Kevin; Vicente, Jose; Walkden, Nick; Zhang, Wei; Wolfrum, Elisabeth.

    27th IAEA Fusion Energy Conference: Programme and Abstracts. International Atomic Energy Agency IAEA, 2018. p. 396-397.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference abstract in proceedingsScientific

    TY - CHAP

    T1 - SOL Transport and Filamentary Dynamics in High Density Tokamak Regimes

    AU - Hakola, Antti

    AU - Vianello, Nicola

    AU - Carralero, Daniel

    AU - Tsui, Cedric

    AU - Naulin, Volker

    AU - Agostini, Matteo

    AU - Boedo, J

    AU - Labit, Benoit

    AU - Theiler, Christian

    AU - Aguiam, Diego

    AU - Allan, Scott

    AU - Bernert, Matthias

    AU - Costea, Stefan

    AU - Cziegler, Istvan

    AU - de Oliveira, Hugo

    AU - Galdon-Quiroga, Joaquin

    AU - Grenfell, Gustavo

    AU - Ionita, Codrina

    AU - Isliker, Heinz

    AU - Karpushov, Alexander

    AU - Kovacic, Jernej

    AU - Lipschultz, Bruce

    AU - Maurizio, Roberto

    AU - McClements, Ken

    AU - Militello, Fulvio

    AU - Olsen, Jeppe

    AU - Rasmussen, Jens Juul

    AU - Ravensbergen, Timo

    AU - Reimerdes, Holger

    AU - Schneider, Bernd

    AU - Schrittwieser, Roman

    AU - Spolaore, Monica

    AU - Verhaegh, Kevin

    AU - Vicente, Jose

    AU - Walkden, Nick

    AU - Zhang, Wei

    AU - Wolfrum, Elisabeth

    PY - 2018/10

    Y1 - 2018/10

    N2 - Addressing the role of scrape off layer filamentary transport is a subject of intense studies in fusion science. Intermittent structures dominate transport in L-Mode and strongly contribute to particle and energy losses in H-mode. The role of convective radial losses has become even more important due to its contribution to the shoulder formation in L-Mode, describing the progressive flattening of the density scrape off layer profile at high density [1]. Investigation of this process revealed the strong relationship between divertor conditionsand the upstream profiles, mediated by filaments dynamics which varies according to the downstream conditions. Preliminary investigations suggested that similar mechanisms occur in H-Mode [1] and that filaments contribute the SOL transport in H-mode density limit (HDL) as well [4]. The present contribution will report on results obtained on ASDEX-Upgrade and TCV tokamaks, to address the role of filamentary transport in high density regimes both in L- and H-Mode. The combined results enlarge the operational space, from a device with a closed divertor, metallic first wall and cryogenic pumping system to a carbon machine with a completely open divertor. The mechanism of shoulder formationand the role of filaments have been tested against variation of plasma current, magnetic configuration (single and double null plasmas), and divertor neutral densities, through modification of cryopump efficiency. At constant magnetic field the density decay length increases with filament-size independently of the plasma current for both machines in L-mode, consistently with the fact that upstream profiles and divertor neutral pressure exhibit the same trend with normalized Greenwald fraction.In H-Mode fuelling is insufficient to cause flattening of SOL profiles in the inter-ELM phases since large neutral pressure is needed. Consistently inter-ELM blob size in AUG are found larger whenever the cryopumps is switched off. The resulting picture suggests a complex relationship between divertor and upstream profiles, where filaments are modified by divertor conditions as well as by neutral particles interaction.

    AB - Addressing the role of scrape off layer filamentary transport is a subject of intense studies in fusion science. Intermittent structures dominate transport in L-Mode and strongly contribute to particle and energy losses in H-mode. The role of convective radial losses has become even more important due to its contribution to the shoulder formation in L-Mode, describing the progressive flattening of the density scrape off layer profile at high density [1]. Investigation of this process revealed the strong relationship between divertor conditionsand the upstream profiles, mediated by filaments dynamics which varies according to the downstream conditions. Preliminary investigations suggested that similar mechanisms occur in H-Mode [1] and that filaments contribute the SOL transport in H-mode density limit (HDL) as well [4]. The present contribution will report on results obtained on ASDEX-Upgrade and TCV tokamaks, to address the role of filamentary transport in high density regimes both in L- and H-Mode. The combined results enlarge the operational space, from a device with a closed divertor, metallic first wall and cryogenic pumping system to a carbon machine with a completely open divertor. The mechanism of shoulder formationand the role of filaments have been tested against variation of plasma current, magnetic configuration (single and double null plasmas), and divertor neutral densities, through modification of cryopump efficiency. At constant magnetic field the density decay length increases with filament-size independently of the plasma current for both machines in L-mode, consistently with the fact that upstream profiles and divertor neutral pressure exhibit the same trend with normalized Greenwald fraction.In H-Mode fuelling is insufficient to cause flattening of SOL profiles in the inter-ELM phases since large neutral pressure is needed. Consistently inter-ELM blob size in AUG are found larger whenever the cryopumps is switched off. The resulting picture suggests a complex relationship between divertor and upstream profiles, where filaments are modified by divertor conditions as well as by neutral particles interaction.

    M3 - Conference abstract in proceedings

    SP - 396

    EP - 397

    BT - 27th IAEA Fusion Energy Conference

    PB - International Atomic Energy Agency IAEA

    ER -

    Hakola A, Vianello N, Carralero D, Tsui C, Naulin V, Agostini M et al. SOL Transport and Filamentary Dynamics in High Density Tokamak Regimes. In 27th IAEA Fusion Energy Conference: Programme and Abstracts. International Atomic Energy Agency IAEA. 2018. p. 396-397