Members of the genus Betula are deciduous trees, bushes, or shrubs with brown branches and a trunk, the upper part of which is covered with smooth, silver-white to white bark and the base with blackish, fissured bark. Birches are monoecious: the purple-brown male flowers are housed is drooping catkins and the green female catkins are small and erect but hang when mature. The fruit is a winged achene (Jury 1978).
|Title of host publication||Somatic Embryogenesis and Synthetic Seed I|
|Place of Publication||Berlin,Heidelberg|
|Publication status||Published - 1995|
|MoE publication type||A3 Part of a book or another research book|
|Series||Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry|