Somatic embryogenesis in birches (Betula spp.)

Anna-Maria Nuutila, Ulrika Kurten, Riitta Puupponen-Pimiä, Jari Hämäläinen, Leena Mannonen, Veli Kauppinen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter or book articleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Members of the genus Betula are deciduous trees, bushes, or shrubs with brown branches and a trunk, the upper part of which is covered with smooth, silver-white to white bark and the base with blackish, fissured bark. Birches are monoecious: the purple-brown male flowers are housed is drooping catkins and the green female catkins are small and erect but hang when mature. The fruit is a winged achene (Jury 1978).
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSomatic Embryogenesis and Synthetic Seed I
EditorsY.P.S. Bajaj
Place of PublicationBerlin,Heidelberg
PublisherSpringer
ChapterIII.2
Pages246-259
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-662-03091-2
ISBN (Print)978-3-642-08183-5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1995
MoE publication typeA3 Part of a book or another research book

Publication series

NameBiotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry
PublisherSpringer
Volume30
ISSN (Print)0934-943X

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somatic embryogenesis
Betula
bark
inflorescences
male flowers
silver
tree trunk
shrubs
fruits

Cite this

Nuutila, A-M., Kurten, U., Puupponen-Pimiä, R., Hämäläinen, J., Mannonen, L., & Kauppinen, V. (1995). Somatic embryogenesis in birches (Betula spp.). In Y. P. S. Bajaj (Ed.), Somatic Embryogenesis and Synthetic Seed I (pp. 246-259). Berlin,Heidelberg: Springer. Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry, Vol.. 30 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-03091-2_17
Nuutila, Anna-Maria ; Kurten, Ulrika ; Puupponen-Pimiä, Riitta ; Hämäläinen, Jari ; Mannonen, Leena ; Kauppinen, Veli. / Somatic embryogenesis in birches (Betula spp.). Somatic Embryogenesis and Synthetic Seed I. editor / Y.P.S. Bajaj. Berlin,Heidelberg : Springer, 1995. pp. 246-259 (Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry, Vol. 30).
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author = "Anna-Maria Nuutila and Ulrika Kurten and Riitta Puupponen-Pimi{\"a} and Jari H{\"a}m{\"a}l{\"a}inen and Leena Mannonen and Veli Kauppinen",
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Nuutila, A-M, Kurten, U, Puupponen-Pimiä, R, Hämäläinen, J, Mannonen, L & Kauppinen, V 1995, Somatic embryogenesis in birches (Betula spp.). in YPS Bajaj (ed.), Somatic Embryogenesis and Synthetic Seed I. Springer, Berlin,Heidelberg, Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry, vol. 30, pp. 246-259. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-03091-2_17

Somatic embryogenesis in birches (Betula spp.). / Nuutila, Anna-Maria; Kurten, Ulrika; Puupponen-Pimiä, Riitta; Hämäläinen, Jari; Mannonen, Leena; Kauppinen, Veli.

Somatic Embryogenesis and Synthetic Seed I. ed. / Y.P.S. Bajaj. Berlin,Heidelberg : Springer, 1995. p. 246-259 (Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry, Vol. 30).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter or book articleScientificpeer-review

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T1 - Somatic embryogenesis in birches (Betula spp.)

AU - Nuutila, Anna-Maria

AU - Kurten, Ulrika

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AU - Mannonen, Leena

AU - Kauppinen, Veli

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N2 - Members of the genus Betula are deciduous trees, bushes, or shrubs with brown branches and a trunk, the upper part of which is covered with smooth, silver-white to white bark and the base with blackish, fissured bark. Birches are monoecious: the purple-brown male flowers are housed is drooping catkins and the green female catkins are small and erect but hang when mature. The fruit is a winged achene (Jury 1978).

AB - Members of the genus Betula are deciduous trees, bushes, or shrubs with brown branches and a trunk, the upper part of which is covered with smooth, silver-white to white bark and the base with blackish, fissured bark. Birches are monoecious: the purple-brown male flowers are housed is drooping catkins and the green female catkins are small and erect but hang when mature. The fruit is a winged achene (Jury 1978).

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Nuutila A-M, Kurten U, Puupponen-Pimiä R, Hämäläinen J, Mannonen L, Kauppinen V. Somatic embryogenesis in birches (Betula spp.). In Bajaj YPS, editor, Somatic Embryogenesis and Synthetic Seed I. Berlin,Heidelberg: Springer. 1995. p. 246-259. (Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry, Vol. 30). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-03091-2_17