Space averaging on a gas-solid drag model for numerical simulations of a CFB riser

S. Shah (Corresponding Author), J. Ritvanen, T. Hyppänen, Sirpa Kallio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Proper modeling for fluid dynamics is central in understanding any industrial multiphase flow. For the study of gas–solid flow in a circulating fluidized bed (CFB) riser, the model based on the Eulerian description of the phases is widely used. Gas–solid flows in fluidized bed units are heterogeneous, and resolving them in numerical simulations requires a very fine mesh spacing and a short time step size. Such constraints on the mesh and time step size result in very time consuming calculations even for pilot scale fluidized bed studies. A small scale CFB riser 3 m in height and 0.40 m in width was examined in order to study effects of different scales such as mesh and time step size. When using coarse scales, the information about the mesoscale structures is lost illustrating the dependence of results on the discretization scales. The same set of equations is thus not valid for the simulation using coarse meshes. A study on space averaging was done to formulate the correction factor to the drag model with some defined notations. It was found that the correction factor for the drag model was dependent on the location in the flow domain.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)131-139
Number of pages9
JournalPowder Technology
Volume218
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Fluidized beds
Drag
Gases
Computer simulation
Multiphase flow
Fluid dynamics

Keywords

  • Fluidization
  • computational fluid dynamics
  • two-fluid model
  • space averaging
  • drag force

Cite this

Shah, S. ; Ritvanen, J. ; Hyppänen, T. ; Kallio, Sirpa. / Space averaging on a gas-solid drag model for numerical simulations of a CFB riser. In: Powder Technology. 2012 ; Vol. 218. pp. 131-139.
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abstract = "Proper modeling for fluid dynamics is central in understanding any industrial multiphase flow. For the study of gas–solid flow in a circulating fluidized bed (CFB) riser, the model based on the Eulerian description of the phases is widely used. Gas–solid flows in fluidized bed units are heterogeneous, and resolving them in numerical simulations requires a very fine mesh spacing and a short time step size. Such constraints on the mesh and time step size result in very time consuming calculations even for pilot scale fluidized bed studies. A small scale CFB riser 3 m in height and 0.40 m in width was examined in order to study effects of different scales such as mesh and time step size. When using coarse scales, the information about the mesoscale structures is lost illustrating the dependence of results on the discretization scales. The same set of equations is thus not valid for the simulation using coarse meshes. A study on space averaging was done to formulate the correction factor to the drag model with some defined notations. It was found that the correction factor for the drag model was dependent on the location in the flow domain.",
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Space averaging on a gas-solid drag model for numerical simulations of a CFB riser. / Shah, S. (Corresponding Author); Ritvanen, J.; Hyppänen, T.; Kallio, Sirpa.

In: Powder Technology, Vol. 218, 2012, p. 131-139.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Space averaging on a gas-solid drag model for numerical simulations of a CFB riser

AU - Shah, S.

AU - Ritvanen, J.

AU - Hyppänen, T.

AU - Kallio, Sirpa

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

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AB - Proper modeling for fluid dynamics is central in understanding any industrial multiphase flow. For the study of gas–solid flow in a circulating fluidized bed (CFB) riser, the model based on the Eulerian description of the phases is widely used. Gas–solid flows in fluidized bed units are heterogeneous, and resolving them in numerical simulations requires a very fine mesh spacing and a short time step size. Such constraints on the mesh and time step size result in very time consuming calculations even for pilot scale fluidized bed studies. A small scale CFB riser 3 m in height and 0.40 m in width was examined in order to study effects of different scales such as mesh and time step size. When using coarse scales, the information about the mesoscale structures is lost illustrating the dependence of results on the discretization scales. The same set of equations is thus not valid for the simulation using coarse meshes. A study on space averaging was done to formulate the correction factor to the drag model with some defined notations. It was found that the correction factor for the drag model was dependent on the location in the flow domain.

KW - Fluidization

KW - computational fluid dynamics

KW - two-fluid model

KW - space averaging

KW - drag force

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