Spacing of icicles

Lasse Makkonen, Yutaka Fujii

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A significant portion of ice accreted on structures in freezing precipitation or sea spray is in the form of icicles. Estimation of ice loads is, therefore, accurate only if we know the size and spacing of icicles. In this paper a theory and results of wind tunnel experiments on the spacing of icicles formed at moderate wind speeds are presented. The results show that icicle spacing on elongated horizontal objects oriented perpendicular to the wind direction is 2 cm regardless of the growth conditions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)317 - 322
Number of pages6
JournalCold Regions Science and Technology
Volume21
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1993
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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Ice
spacing
Precipitation (meteorology)
Freezing
Wind tunnels
ice
wind tunnel
wind direction
spray
freezing
wind velocity
Experiments
experiment
sea

Cite this

Makkonen, Lasse ; Fujii, Yutaka. / Spacing of icicles. In: Cold Regions Science and Technology. 1993 ; Vol. 21, No. 3. pp. 317 - 322.
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abstract = "A significant portion of ice accreted on structures in freezing precipitation or sea spray is in the form of icicles. Estimation of ice loads is, therefore, accurate only if we know the size and spacing of icicles. In this paper a theory and results of wind tunnel experiments on the spacing of icicles formed at moderate wind speeds are presented. The results show that icicle spacing on elongated horizontal objects oriented perpendicular to the wind direction is 2 cm regardless of the growth conditions.",
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Spacing of icicles. / Makkonen, Lasse; Fujii, Yutaka.

In: Cold Regions Science and Technology, Vol. 21, No. 3, 1993, p. 317 - 322.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Spacing of icicles

AU - Makkonen, Lasse

AU - Fujii, Yutaka

N1 - Project code: RAM0037

PY - 1993

Y1 - 1993

N2 - A significant portion of ice accreted on structures in freezing precipitation or sea spray is in the form of icicles. Estimation of ice loads is, therefore, accurate only if we know the size and spacing of icicles. In this paper a theory and results of wind tunnel experiments on the spacing of icicles formed at moderate wind speeds are presented. The results show that icicle spacing on elongated horizontal objects oriented perpendicular to the wind direction is 2 cm regardless of the growth conditions.

AB - A significant portion of ice accreted on structures in freezing precipitation or sea spray is in the form of icicles. Estimation of ice loads is, therefore, accurate only if we know the size and spacing of icicles. In this paper a theory and results of wind tunnel experiments on the spacing of icicles formed at moderate wind speeds are presented. The results show that icicle spacing on elongated horizontal objects oriented perpendicular to the wind direction is 2 cm regardless of the growth conditions.

U2 - 10.1016/0165-232X(93)90074-I

DO - 10.1016/0165-232X(93)90074-I

M3 - Article

VL - 21

SP - 317

EP - 322

JO - Cold Regions Science and Technology

JF - Cold Regions Science and Technology

SN - 0165-232X

IS - 3

ER -