Spacing of icicles

Lasse Makkonen, Yutaka Fujii

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    15 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    A significant portion of ice accreted on structures in freezing precipitation or sea spray is in the form of icicles. Estimation of ice loads is, therefore, accurate only if we know the size and spacing of icicles. In this paper a theory and results of wind tunnel experiments on the spacing of icicles formed at moderate wind speeds are presented. The results show that icicle spacing on elongated horizontal objects oriented perpendicular to the wind direction is 2 cm regardless of the growth conditions.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)317 - 322
    Number of pages6
    JournalCold Regions Science and Technology
    Volume21
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1993
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Fingerprint

    Ice
    spacing
    Precipitation (meteorology)
    Freezing
    Wind tunnels
    ice
    wind tunnel
    wind direction
    spray
    freezing
    wind velocity
    Experiments
    experiment
    sea

    Cite this

    Makkonen, Lasse ; Fujii, Yutaka. / Spacing of icicles. In: Cold Regions Science and Technology. 1993 ; Vol. 21, No. 3. pp. 317 - 322.
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    title = "Spacing of icicles",
    abstract = "A significant portion of ice accreted on structures in freezing precipitation or sea spray is in the form of icicles. Estimation of ice loads is, therefore, accurate only if we know the size and spacing of icicles. In this paper a theory and results of wind tunnel experiments on the spacing of icicles formed at moderate wind speeds are presented. The results show that icicle spacing on elongated horizontal objects oriented perpendicular to the wind direction is 2 cm regardless of the growth conditions.",
    author = "Lasse Makkonen and Yutaka Fujii",
    note = "Project code: RAM0037",
    year = "1993",
    doi = "10.1016/0165-232X(93)90074-I",
    language = "English",
    volume = "21",
    pages = "317 -- 322",
    journal = "Cold Regions Science and Technology",
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    publisher = "Elsevier",
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    }

    Spacing of icicles. / Makkonen, Lasse; Fujii, Yutaka.

    In: Cold Regions Science and Technology, Vol. 21, No. 3, 1993, p. 317 - 322.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Spacing of icicles

    AU - Makkonen, Lasse

    AU - Fujii, Yutaka

    N1 - Project code: RAM0037

    PY - 1993

    Y1 - 1993

    N2 - A significant portion of ice accreted on structures in freezing precipitation or sea spray is in the form of icicles. Estimation of ice loads is, therefore, accurate only if we know the size and spacing of icicles. In this paper a theory and results of wind tunnel experiments on the spacing of icicles formed at moderate wind speeds are presented. The results show that icicle spacing on elongated horizontal objects oriented perpendicular to the wind direction is 2 cm regardless of the growth conditions.

    AB - A significant portion of ice accreted on structures in freezing precipitation or sea spray is in the form of icicles. Estimation of ice loads is, therefore, accurate only if we know the size and spacing of icicles. In this paper a theory and results of wind tunnel experiments on the spacing of icicles formed at moderate wind speeds are presented. The results show that icicle spacing on elongated horizontal objects oriented perpendicular to the wind direction is 2 cm regardless of the growth conditions.

    U2 - 10.1016/0165-232X(93)90074-I

    DO - 10.1016/0165-232X(93)90074-I

    M3 - Article

    VL - 21

    SP - 317

    EP - 322

    JO - Cold Regions Science and Technology

    JF - Cold Regions Science and Technology

    SN - 0165-232X

    IS - 3

    ER -