Spark plasma sintering of submicron-sized Cu-powder: Influence of processing parameters and powder oxidization on microstructure and mechanical properties

Riina Ritasalo (Corresponding Author), M. E. Cura, X. W. Liu, O. Söderborg, Tapio Ritvonen, S.-P. Hannula

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

This paper describes the microstructures and nanomechanical properties of copper consolidated of oxidized submicron-sized Cu-powder (average particle size 410 nm) by spark plasma sintering (SPS). Good compact density, small grain size (460 nm) and microhardness of 1.24 GPa were achieved at 873 K in 6 min with 100 MPa, Cu2O-content being close to 20%. At higher sintering temperature, the grain size increased leading to decrease in hardness. The HIPed compact that was made for reference contained lower Cu2O and had lower density and larger grain size. It was concluded that the SPS process was superior to HIP consolidation in terms of microhardness and microstructure of the final material. Furthermore, the presence of Cu2O seemed not to have a marked effect on the SPS consolidation process, i.e. the obtained densities of the SPS samples were of 99.7% of theoretical density at the best.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2733-2737
Number of pages5
JournalMaterials Science & Engineering A: Structural Materials: Properties, Microstructure and Processing
Volume527
Issue number10-11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Spark plasma sintering
sparks
Powders
sintering
mechanical properties
Mechanical properties
microstructure
Microstructure
Processing
Consolidation
Microhardness
grain size
consolidation
microhardness
Hot isostatic pressing
hot isostatic pressing
Copper
Sintering
Hardness
Particle size

Keywords

  • Copper
  • Grain growth
  • Nanoindentation
  • Powder metallurgy
  • Spark plasma sintering
  • Ultrafine-grained material

Cite this

@article{e898a691604f48cab6cc35c93da819f5,
title = "Spark plasma sintering of submicron-sized Cu-powder: Influence of processing parameters and powder oxidization on microstructure and mechanical properties",
abstract = "This paper describes the microstructures and nanomechanical properties of copper consolidated of oxidized submicron-sized Cu-powder (average particle size 410 nm) by spark plasma sintering (SPS). Good compact density, small grain size (460 nm) and microhardness of 1.24 GPa were achieved at 873 K in 6 min with 100 MPa, Cu2O-content being close to 20{\%}. At higher sintering temperature, the grain size increased leading to decrease in hardness. The HIPed compact that was made for reference contained lower Cu2O and had lower density and larger grain size. It was concluded that the SPS process was superior to HIP consolidation in terms of microhardness and microstructure of the final material. Furthermore, the presence of Cu2O seemed not to have a marked effect on the SPS consolidation process, i.e. the obtained densities of the SPS samples were of 99.7{\%} of theoretical density at the best.",
keywords = "Copper, Grain growth, Nanoindentation, Powder metallurgy, Spark plasma sintering, Ultrafine-grained material",
author = "Riina Ritasalo and Cura, {M. E.} and Liu, {X. W.} and O. S{\"o}derborg and Tapio Ritvonen and S.-P. Hannula",
year = "2010",
doi = "10.1016/j.msea.2010.01.008",
language = "English",
volume = "527",
pages = "2733--2737",
journal = "Materials Science & Engineering A: Structural Materials: Properties, Microstructure and Processing",
issn = "0921-5093",
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number = "10-11",

}

Spark plasma sintering of submicron-sized Cu-powder : Influence of processing parameters and powder oxidization on microstructure and mechanical properties. / Ritasalo, Riina (Corresponding Author); Cura, M. E.; Liu, X. W.; Söderborg, O.; Ritvonen, Tapio; Hannula, S.-P.

In: Materials Science & Engineering A: Structural Materials: Properties, Microstructure and Processing, Vol. 527, No. 10-11, 2010, p. 2733-2737.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Spark plasma sintering of submicron-sized Cu-powder

T2 - Influence of processing parameters and powder oxidization on microstructure and mechanical properties

AU - Ritasalo, Riina

AU - Cura, M. E.

AU - Liu, X. W.

AU - Söderborg, O.

AU - Ritvonen, Tapio

AU - Hannula, S.-P.

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - This paper describes the microstructures and nanomechanical properties of copper consolidated of oxidized submicron-sized Cu-powder (average particle size 410 nm) by spark plasma sintering (SPS). Good compact density, small grain size (460 nm) and microhardness of 1.24 GPa were achieved at 873 K in 6 min with 100 MPa, Cu2O-content being close to 20%. At higher sintering temperature, the grain size increased leading to decrease in hardness. The HIPed compact that was made for reference contained lower Cu2O and had lower density and larger grain size. It was concluded that the SPS process was superior to HIP consolidation in terms of microhardness and microstructure of the final material. Furthermore, the presence of Cu2O seemed not to have a marked effect on the SPS consolidation process, i.e. the obtained densities of the SPS samples were of 99.7% of theoretical density at the best.

AB - This paper describes the microstructures and nanomechanical properties of copper consolidated of oxidized submicron-sized Cu-powder (average particle size 410 nm) by spark plasma sintering (SPS). Good compact density, small grain size (460 nm) and microhardness of 1.24 GPa were achieved at 873 K in 6 min with 100 MPa, Cu2O-content being close to 20%. At higher sintering temperature, the grain size increased leading to decrease in hardness. The HIPed compact that was made for reference contained lower Cu2O and had lower density and larger grain size. It was concluded that the SPS process was superior to HIP consolidation in terms of microhardness and microstructure of the final material. Furthermore, the presence of Cu2O seemed not to have a marked effect on the SPS consolidation process, i.e. the obtained densities of the SPS samples were of 99.7% of theoretical density at the best.

KW - Copper

KW - Grain growth

KW - Nanoindentation

KW - Powder metallurgy

KW - Spark plasma sintering

KW - Ultrafine-grained material

U2 - 10.1016/j.msea.2010.01.008

DO - 10.1016/j.msea.2010.01.008

M3 - Article

VL - 527

SP - 2733

EP - 2737

JO - Materials Science & Engineering A: Structural Materials: Properties, Microstructure and Processing

JF - Materials Science & Engineering A: Structural Materials: Properties, Microstructure and Processing

SN - 0921-5093

IS - 10-11

ER -