Spruce bark as an industrial source of condensed tannins and non-cellulosic sugars

Katariina Kemppainen (Corresponding Author), Matti Siika-aho, S. Pattathi, S. Giovando, Kristiina Kruus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Norway spruce (Picea abies) is an important raw material for the forest industry in Nordic countries. The chemical composition and hot water extraction of spruce bark was studied to find out its potential as an industrial source of condensed tannins. Industrial bark was found to contain a high amount of wood (up to 21%), a sufficient amount of tannin for industrial extraction (10.7% of wood-free bark), and a high amount of non-cellulosic glucose, varying according to the felling season (7.7-11.5% of wood-free bark). Temperature had a major effect on the overall extraction yield. Selective extraction of only tannins or water-extractable carbohydrates was not possible. The extraction was scaled up to pilot-scale and an extract was produced having a promising 50% tannin content. Glycome profiling performed on bark and hot water extracts showed the presence of xyloglucan, pectic polysaccharides and arabinogalactan in bark. In addition the extracts were characterized using size exclusion chromatography and 31P nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Spruce bark appears to be a promising new source of tannins, however the high content of free, glycosidic, and polymeric sugars in the raw extract may need to be tackled prior to use in applications.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)158-168
Number of pages11
JournalIndustrial Crops and Products
Volume52
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

proanthocyanidins
Picea
bark
sugars
tannins
extracts
Picea abies
raw sugar
arabinogalactans
xyloglucans
forest industries
water
felling
Scandinavia
raw materials
nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy
polysaccharides
chemical composition
carbohydrates
glucose

Keywords

  • extraction
  • glycome profiling
  • non-cellulosic carbohydrates
  • pilot-scale
  • spruce bark
  • tannin

Cite this

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title = "Spruce bark as an industrial source of condensed tannins and non-cellulosic sugars",
abstract = "Norway spruce (Picea abies) is an important raw material for the forest industry in Nordic countries. The chemical composition and hot water extraction of spruce bark was studied to find out its potential as an industrial source of condensed tannins. Industrial bark was found to contain a high amount of wood (up to 21{\%}), a sufficient amount of tannin for industrial extraction (10.7{\%} of wood-free bark), and a high amount of non-cellulosic glucose, varying according to the felling season (7.7-11.5{\%} of wood-free bark). Temperature had a major effect on the overall extraction yield. Selective extraction of only tannins or water-extractable carbohydrates was not possible. The extraction was scaled up to pilot-scale and an extract was produced having a promising 50{\%} tannin content. Glycome profiling performed on bark and hot water extracts showed the presence of xyloglucan, pectic polysaccharides and arabinogalactan in bark. In addition the extracts were characterized using size exclusion chromatography and 31P nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Spruce bark appears to be a promising new source of tannins, however the high content of free, glycosidic, and polymeric sugars in the raw extract may need to be tackled prior to use in applications.",
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author = "Katariina Kemppainen and Matti Siika-aho and S. Pattathi and S. Giovando and Kristiina Kruus",
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Spruce bark as an industrial source of condensed tannins and non-cellulosic sugars. / Kemppainen, Katariina (Corresponding Author); Siika-aho, Matti; Pattathi, S.; Giovando, S.; Kruus, Kristiina.

In: Industrial Crops and Products, Vol. 52, 2014, p. 158-168.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Spruce bark as an industrial source of condensed tannins and non-cellulosic sugars

AU - Kemppainen, Katariina

AU - Siika-aho, Matti

AU - Pattathi, S.

AU - Giovando, S.

AU - Kruus, Kristiina

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Norway spruce (Picea abies) is an important raw material for the forest industry in Nordic countries. The chemical composition and hot water extraction of spruce bark was studied to find out its potential as an industrial source of condensed tannins. Industrial bark was found to contain a high amount of wood (up to 21%), a sufficient amount of tannin for industrial extraction (10.7% of wood-free bark), and a high amount of non-cellulosic glucose, varying according to the felling season (7.7-11.5% of wood-free bark). Temperature had a major effect on the overall extraction yield. Selective extraction of only tannins or water-extractable carbohydrates was not possible. The extraction was scaled up to pilot-scale and an extract was produced having a promising 50% tannin content. Glycome profiling performed on bark and hot water extracts showed the presence of xyloglucan, pectic polysaccharides and arabinogalactan in bark. In addition the extracts were characterized using size exclusion chromatography and 31P nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Spruce bark appears to be a promising new source of tannins, however the high content of free, glycosidic, and polymeric sugars in the raw extract may need to be tackled prior to use in applications.

AB - Norway spruce (Picea abies) is an important raw material for the forest industry in Nordic countries. The chemical composition and hot water extraction of spruce bark was studied to find out its potential as an industrial source of condensed tannins. Industrial bark was found to contain a high amount of wood (up to 21%), a sufficient amount of tannin for industrial extraction (10.7% of wood-free bark), and a high amount of non-cellulosic glucose, varying according to the felling season (7.7-11.5% of wood-free bark). Temperature had a major effect on the overall extraction yield. Selective extraction of only tannins or water-extractable carbohydrates was not possible. The extraction was scaled up to pilot-scale and an extract was produced having a promising 50% tannin content. Glycome profiling performed on bark and hot water extracts showed the presence of xyloglucan, pectic polysaccharides and arabinogalactan in bark. In addition the extracts were characterized using size exclusion chromatography and 31P nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Spruce bark appears to be a promising new source of tannins, however the high content of free, glycosidic, and polymeric sugars in the raw extract may need to be tackled prior to use in applications.

KW - extraction

KW - glycome profiling

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KW - tannin

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SP - 158

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JF - Industrial Crops and Products

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