A micromechanical 13.1-MHz bulk acoustic mode silicon resonator having a high quality factor (Q=130 000) and high maximum drive level (P= 0.12 mW at the hysteresis limit) is demonstrated. The prototype resonator is fabricated of single-crystal silicon by reactive ion etching of a silicon-on-insulator wafer. A demonstration oscillator based on the new resonator shows single-sideband phase noise of -138 dBc/Hz at 1 kHz offset from the carrier.
- micromechanical oscillators
- bulk acoustic wave devices
- oscillator noise
- phase noise
- silicon on insulator technology