State vector model for Contherm scraped surface heat exchanger used as an enzyme reactor in wheat starch conversions

Liisa Hakkarainen, Pekka Linko, Juhani Olkku

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A state vector was used to represent starch gelatinization and enzymic hydrolysis in a Contherm scraped surface heat exchanger. Wheat starch was hydrolysed in both small-scale batch and pilot Contherm experiments with Termamyl 60L α-amylase (2–3 ml kg−1 dry solids (d.s.)) at temperatures of 90, 100, 105, 108, 110 and 120°C with feed solids contents of 30, 40 and 50% (w/w). Irreversible reactions were assumed to follow first-order kinetics in a completely-mixed reactor. Steady state conditions for the various feed solids contents were obtained from the model developed and asymptotic stability of the steady state could be demonstrated. The return of the model to steady state after small temporary disturbances was shown by employing Laplacian transfer functions. DE values of 16 to 27 could be obtained under steady state conditions after a residence time of about 7 min.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)135 - 153
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Food Engineering
Volume4
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1985
MoE publication typeNot Eligible

Fingerprint

wheat starch
heat exchangers
Starch
Triticum
Hot Temperature
Enzymes
Amylases
enzymes
Hydrolysis
enzymatic hydrolysis
gelatinization
amylases
Temperature
starch
kinetics
temperature
termamyl

Cite this

Hakkarainen, Liisa ; Linko, Pekka ; Olkku, Juhani. / State vector model for Contherm scraped surface heat exchanger used as an enzyme reactor in wheat starch conversions. In: Journal of Food Engineering. 1985 ; Vol. 4, No. 2. pp. 135 - 153.
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abstract = "A state vector was used to represent starch gelatinization and enzymic hydrolysis in a Contherm scraped surface heat exchanger. Wheat starch was hydrolysed in both small-scale batch and pilot Contherm experiments with Termamyl 60L α-amylase (2–3 ml kg−1 dry solids (d.s.)) at temperatures of 90, 100, 105, 108, 110 and 120°C with feed solids contents of 30, 40 and 50{\%} (w/w). Irreversible reactions were assumed to follow first-order kinetics in a completely-mixed reactor. Steady state conditions for the various feed solids contents were obtained from the model developed and asymptotic stability of the steady state could be demonstrated. The return of the model to steady state after small temporary disturbances was shown by employing Laplacian transfer functions. DE values of 16 to 27 could be obtained under steady state conditions after a residence time of about 7 min.",
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State vector model for Contherm scraped surface heat exchanger used as an enzyme reactor in wheat starch conversions. / Hakkarainen, Liisa; Linko, Pekka; Olkku, Juhani.

In: Journal of Food Engineering, Vol. 4, No. 2, 1985, p. 135 - 153.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - State vector model for Contherm scraped surface heat exchanger used as an enzyme reactor in wheat starch conversions

AU - Hakkarainen, Liisa

AU - Linko, Pekka

AU - Olkku, Juhani

PY - 1985

Y1 - 1985

N2 - A state vector was used to represent starch gelatinization and enzymic hydrolysis in a Contherm scraped surface heat exchanger. Wheat starch was hydrolysed in both small-scale batch and pilot Contherm experiments with Termamyl 60L α-amylase (2–3 ml kg−1 dry solids (d.s.)) at temperatures of 90, 100, 105, 108, 110 and 120°C with feed solids contents of 30, 40 and 50% (w/w). Irreversible reactions were assumed to follow first-order kinetics in a completely-mixed reactor. Steady state conditions for the various feed solids contents were obtained from the model developed and asymptotic stability of the steady state could be demonstrated. The return of the model to steady state after small temporary disturbances was shown by employing Laplacian transfer functions. DE values of 16 to 27 could be obtained under steady state conditions after a residence time of about 7 min.

AB - A state vector was used to represent starch gelatinization and enzymic hydrolysis in a Contherm scraped surface heat exchanger. Wheat starch was hydrolysed in both small-scale batch and pilot Contherm experiments with Termamyl 60L α-amylase (2–3 ml kg−1 dry solids (d.s.)) at temperatures of 90, 100, 105, 108, 110 and 120°C with feed solids contents of 30, 40 and 50% (w/w). Irreversible reactions were assumed to follow first-order kinetics in a completely-mixed reactor. Steady state conditions for the various feed solids contents were obtained from the model developed and asymptotic stability of the steady state could be demonstrated. The return of the model to steady state after small temporary disturbances was shown by employing Laplacian transfer functions. DE values of 16 to 27 could be obtained under steady state conditions after a residence time of about 7 min.

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DO - 10.1016/0260-8774(85)90016-0

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