Statistical analyses of the Baltic maritime traffic

Jorma Rytkönen, Liisa Siitonen, Timo Riipi, Jukka Sassi, Juhani Sukselainen

    Research output: Book/ReportReport


    The Baltic Sea, the largest brackish body of water in the world, has always been an important sea route connecting the Nordic countries and Russia to continental Europe. Surrounded by nine countries, it also has some of the densest maritime traffic in the world. In addition, the Baltic Sea has proved to be an important inter-modal link between various logistical chains, and moreover, a link to Russia. The Baltic Sea has also served a crucial role as a route for the gas pipeline from Russia to Europe. During recent decades, there has been a significant increase in maritime traffic, specifically in container vessel traffic throughout the world. The traffic in the Baltic area has not only increased, but the nature of the traffic has also changed rapidly. Today, many of the shipping routes consist of frequent traffic, where fast ships are running between seaports on a fixed timetable. There are also certain routes that have dense passenger traffic, e.g., Helsinki-Stockholm and Helsinki-Tallinn. Perhaps the most interesting development, however, has been the rapid development of Baltic and Russian seaports: old ports have been rehabilitated, new terminals and berths are under construction. One tendency has been the increase of oil transportation, especially in the Gulf of Finland (GOF). This report contains an analysis of the current maritime traffic of the Baltic Sea. A special attention is focused on the oil transportation and the forecast of the future development. The main ports and their basic development plans are also presented. The work was funded by the Finnish Environment Institute and the Finnish Ministry of Transport and Communications.
    Original languageEnglish
    PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
    Commissioning bodyMinistry of Transport and Communications (Finland)
    Number of pages153
    Publication statusPublished - 2002
    MoE publication typeD4 Published development or research report or study

    Publication series

    SeriesVTT Research Report


    • Baltic Sea
    • oil transportation
    • maritime traffic
    • port development


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