Statistical re-evaluation of the ASME KIC and KIR fracture toughness reference curves

Kim Wallin

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    Abstract

    Historically the ASME reference curves have been treated as representing absolute deterministic lower bound curves of fracture toughness. In reality, this is not the case. They represent only deterministic lower bound curves to a specific set of data, which represent a certain probability range. A recently developed statistical lower bound estimation method called the ‘Master curve’, has been proposed as a candidate for a new lower bound reference curve concept. From a regulatory point of view, the master curve is somewhat problematic in that it does not claim to be an absolute deterministic lower bound, but corresponds to a specific theoretical failure probability that can be chosen freely based on application. In order to be able to substitute the old ASME reference curves with lower bound curves based on the master curve concept, the inherent statistical nature (and confidence level) of the ASME reference curves must be revealed. In order to estimate the true inherent level of safety, represented by the reference curves, the original database was re-evaluated with statistical methods and compared to an analysis based on the master curve concept. The analysis reveals that the 5% lower bound master curve has the same inherent degree of safety as originally intended for the KIC-reference curve. Similarly, the 1% lower bound master curve corresponds to the KIR-reference curve.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)317-326
    JournalNuclear Engineering and Design
    Volume193
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1999
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed
    Event23. MPA-Seminar - Stuttgart, Germany
    Duration: 1 Oct 19972 Oct 1997

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    fracture toughness
    fracture strength
    Fracture toughness
    safety
    evaluation
    curves
    estimation method
    Statistical methods
    analysis
    method

    Cite this

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    title = "Statistical re-evaluation of the ASME KIC and KIR fracture toughness reference curves",
    abstract = "Historically the ASME reference curves have been treated as representing absolute deterministic lower bound curves of fracture toughness. In reality, this is not the case. They represent only deterministic lower bound curves to a specific set of data, which represent a certain probability range. A recently developed statistical lower bound estimation method called the ‘Master curve’, has been proposed as a candidate for a new lower bound reference curve concept. From a regulatory point of view, the master curve is somewhat problematic in that it does not claim to be an absolute deterministic lower bound, but corresponds to a specific theoretical failure probability that can be chosen freely based on application. In order to be able to substitute the old ASME reference curves with lower bound curves based on the master curve concept, the inherent statistical nature (and confidence level) of the ASME reference curves must be revealed. In order to estimate the true inherent level of safety, represented by the reference curves, the original database was re-evaluated with statistical methods and compared to an analysis based on the master curve concept. The analysis reveals that the 5{\%} lower bound master curve has the same inherent degree of safety as originally intended for the KIC-reference curve. Similarly, the 1{\%} lower bound master curve corresponds to the KIR-reference curve.",
    author = "Kim Wallin",
    note = "HUO: VAL64 CA2: 1704 CA: VAL Project code: V7SU00063",
    year = "1999",
    doi = "10.1016/S0029-5493(99)00187-9",
    language = "English",
    volume = "193",
    pages = "317--326",
    journal = "Nuclear Engineering and Design",
    issn = "0029-5493",
    publisher = "Elsevier",
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    }

    Statistical re-evaluation of the ASME KIC and KIR fracture toughness reference curves. / Wallin, Kim.

    In: Nuclear Engineering and Design, Vol. 193, No. 3, 1999, p. 317-326.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Statistical re-evaluation of the ASME KIC and KIR fracture toughness reference curves

    AU - Wallin, Kim

    N1 - HUO: VAL64 CA2: 1704 CA: VAL Project code: V7SU00063

    PY - 1999

    Y1 - 1999

    N2 - Historically the ASME reference curves have been treated as representing absolute deterministic lower bound curves of fracture toughness. In reality, this is not the case. They represent only deterministic lower bound curves to a specific set of data, which represent a certain probability range. A recently developed statistical lower bound estimation method called the ‘Master curve’, has been proposed as a candidate for a new lower bound reference curve concept. From a regulatory point of view, the master curve is somewhat problematic in that it does not claim to be an absolute deterministic lower bound, but corresponds to a specific theoretical failure probability that can be chosen freely based on application. In order to be able to substitute the old ASME reference curves with lower bound curves based on the master curve concept, the inherent statistical nature (and confidence level) of the ASME reference curves must be revealed. In order to estimate the true inherent level of safety, represented by the reference curves, the original database was re-evaluated with statistical methods and compared to an analysis based on the master curve concept. The analysis reveals that the 5% lower bound master curve has the same inherent degree of safety as originally intended for the KIC-reference curve. Similarly, the 1% lower bound master curve corresponds to the KIR-reference curve.

    AB - Historically the ASME reference curves have been treated as representing absolute deterministic lower bound curves of fracture toughness. In reality, this is not the case. They represent only deterministic lower bound curves to a specific set of data, which represent a certain probability range. A recently developed statistical lower bound estimation method called the ‘Master curve’, has been proposed as a candidate for a new lower bound reference curve concept. From a regulatory point of view, the master curve is somewhat problematic in that it does not claim to be an absolute deterministic lower bound, but corresponds to a specific theoretical failure probability that can be chosen freely based on application. In order to be able to substitute the old ASME reference curves with lower bound curves based on the master curve concept, the inherent statistical nature (and confidence level) of the ASME reference curves must be revealed. In order to estimate the true inherent level of safety, represented by the reference curves, the original database was re-evaluated with statistical methods and compared to an analysis based on the master curve concept. The analysis reveals that the 5% lower bound master curve has the same inherent degree of safety as originally intended for the KIC-reference curve. Similarly, the 1% lower bound master curve corresponds to the KIR-reference curve.

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