Status and outlook for biofuels, other alternative fuels and new vehicles

Research output: Book/ReportReportProfessional

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The report presents an outlook for alternative motor fuels and new vehicles. The time period covered extends up to 2030. The International Energy Agency and the U.S. Energy Information Administration predict that the world energy demand will increase by over 50% from now to 2030, if policies remain unchanged. Most of the growth in demand for energy in general, as well as for transport fuels, will take place in non-OECD countries. Gasoline and diesel are projected to remain the dominant automotive fuels until 2030. Vehicle technology and high quality fuels will eventually solve the problem of harmful exhaust emissions. However, the problem with CO2 still remains, and much attention will be given to increase efficiency. Hybrid technology is one option to reduce fuel consumption. Diesel engines are fuel efficient, but have high emissions compared with advanced gasoline engines. New combustion systems combining the best qualities of gasoline and diesel engines promise low emissions as well as high efficiency. The scenarios for alternative fuels vary a lot. By 2030, alternative fuels could represent a 10-30% share of transport fuels, depending on policies. Ambitious goals for biofuels in transport have been set. As advanced biofuels are still in their infancy, it seems probable that traditional biofuels will also be used in 2030. Ethanol is the fastest growing biofuel. Currently the sustainability of biofuels is discussed extensively. Synthetic fuels promise excellent end-use properties, reduced emissions, and if produced from biomass, also reduced CO2 emissions. The report presents an analysis of technology options to meet the requirements for energy security, reduced CO2 emissions, reduced local emissions as well as sustainability in general in the long run. In the short term, energy savings will be the main measure for CO2 reductions in transport, fuel switches will have a secondary role.
Original languageEnglish
PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Number of pages159
ISBN (Electronic)978-951-38-7196-3
ISBN (Print)978-951-386989-2
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2008
MoE publication typeNot Eligible

Publication series

NameVTT Tiedotteita - Research Notes
PublisherVTT
No.2426
ISSN (Print)1235-0605
ISSN (Electronic)1455-0865

Fingerprint

Alternative fuels
Biofuels
Gasoline
Diesel engines
Sustainable development
Automotive fuels
Synthetic fuels
Energy security
Fuel consumption
Energy conservation
Biomass
Ethanol
Switches
Engines

Keywords

  • Alcohols
  • Alternative fuels
  • Biodiesel
  • Biofuels
  • Biogas
  • Emissions
  • Engine technology
  • Ethanol
  • Legislation
  • Natural gas
  • Standards
  • Synthetic fuels
  • Vehicle technology

Cite this

Nylund, N. O., Aakko-Saksa, P., & Sipilä, K. (2008). Status and outlook for biofuels, other alternative fuels and new vehicles. VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes, No. 2426
Nylund, Nils Olof ; Aakko-Saksa, Päivi ; Sipilä, Kai. / Status and outlook for biofuels, other alternative fuels and new vehicles. VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2008. 159 p. (VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes; No. 2426).
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Nylund, NO, Aakko-Saksa, P & Sipilä, K 2008, Status and outlook for biofuels, other alternative fuels and new vehicles. VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes, no. 2426, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland.

Status and outlook for biofuels, other alternative fuels and new vehicles. / Nylund, Nils Olof; Aakko-Saksa, Päivi; Sipilä, Kai.

VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2008. 159 p. (VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes; No. 2426).

Research output: Book/ReportReportProfessional

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N2 - The report presents an outlook for alternative motor fuels and new vehicles. The time period covered extends up to 2030. The International Energy Agency and the U.S. Energy Information Administration predict that the world energy demand will increase by over 50% from now to 2030, if policies remain unchanged. Most of the growth in demand for energy in general, as well as for transport fuels, will take place in non-OECD countries. Gasoline and diesel are projected to remain the dominant automotive fuels until 2030. Vehicle technology and high quality fuels will eventually solve the problem of harmful exhaust emissions. However, the problem with CO2 still remains, and much attention will be given to increase efficiency. Hybrid technology is one option to reduce fuel consumption. Diesel engines are fuel efficient, but have high emissions compared with advanced gasoline engines. New combustion systems combining the best qualities of gasoline and diesel engines promise low emissions as well as high efficiency. The scenarios for alternative fuels vary a lot. By 2030, alternative fuels could represent a 10-30% share of transport fuels, depending on policies. Ambitious goals for biofuels in transport have been set. As advanced biofuels are still in their infancy, it seems probable that traditional biofuels will also be used in 2030. Ethanol is the fastest growing biofuel. Currently the sustainability of biofuels is discussed extensively. Synthetic fuels promise excellent end-use properties, reduced emissions, and if produced from biomass, also reduced CO2 emissions. The report presents an analysis of technology options to meet the requirements for energy security, reduced CO2 emissions, reduced local emissions as well as sustainability in general in the long run. In the short term, energy savings will be the main measure for CO2 reductions in transport, fuel switches will have a secondary role.

AB - The report presents an outlook for alternative motor fuels and new vehicles. The time period covered extends up to 2030. The International Energy Agency and the U.S. Energy Information Administration predict that the world energy demand will increase by over 50% from now to 2030, if policies remain unchanged. Most of the growth in demand for energy in general, as well as for transport fuels, will take place in non-OECD countries. Gasoline and diesel are projected to remain the dominant automotive fuels until 2030. Vehicle technology and high quality fuels will eventually solve the problem of harmful exhaust emissions. However, the problem with CO2 still remains, and much attention will be given to increase efficiency. Hybrid technology is one option to reduce fuel consumption. Diesel engines are fuel efficient, but have high emissions compared with advanced gasoline engines. New combustion systems combining the best qualities of gasoline and diesel engines promise low emissions as well as high efficiency. The scenarios for alternative fuels vary a lot. By 2030, alternative fuels could represent a 10-30% share of transport fuels, depending on policies. Ambitious goals for biofuels in transport have been set. As advanced biofuels are still in their infancy, it seems probable that traditional biofuels will also be used in 2030. Ethanol is the fastest growing biofuel. Currently the sustainability of biofuels is discussed extensively. Synthetic fuels promise excellent end-use properties, reduced emissions, and if produced from biomass, also reduced CO2 emissions. The report presents an analysis of technology options to meet the requirements for energy security, reduced CO2 emissions, reduced local emissions as well as sustainability in general in the long run. In the short term, energy savings will be the main measure for CO2 reductions in transport, fuel switches will have a secondary role.

KW - Alcohols

KW - Alternative fuels

KW - Biodiesel

KW - Biofuels

KW - Biogas

KW - Emissions

KW - Engine technology

KW - Ethanol

KW - Legislation

KW - Natural gas

KW - Standards

KW - Synthetic fuels

KW - Vehicle technology

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BT - Status and outlook for biofuels, other alternative fuels and new vehicles

PB - VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland

ER -

Nylund NO, Aakko-Saksa P, Sipilä K. Status and outlook for biofuels, other alternative fuels and new vehicles. VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2008. 159 p. (VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes; No. 2426).