Status and outlook for biofuels, other alternative fuels and new vehicles

    Research output: Book/ReportReport

    2 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The report presents an outlook for alternative motor fuels and new vehicles. The time period covered extends up to 2030. The International Energy Agency and the U.S. Energy Information Administration predict that the world energy demand will increase by over 50% from now to 2030, if policies remain unchanged. Most of the growth in demand for energy in general, as well as for transport fuels, will take place in non-OECD countries. Gasoline and diesel are projected to remain the dominant automotive fuels until 2030. Vehicle technology and high quality fuels will eventually solve the problem of harmful exhaust emissions. However, the problem with CO2 still remains, and much attention will be given to increase efficiency. Hybrid technology is one option to reduce fuel consumption. Diesel engines are fuel efficient, but have high emissions compared with advanced gasoline engines. New combustion systems combining the best qualities of gasoline and diesel engines promise low emissions as well as high efficiency. The scenarios for alternative fuels vary a lot. By 2030, alternative fuels could represent a 10-30% share of transport fuels, depending on policies. Ambitious goals for biofuels in transport have been set. As advanced biofuels are still in their infancy, it seems probable that traditional biofuels will also be used in 2030. Ethanol is the fastest growing biofuel. Currently the sustainability of biofuels is discussed extensively. Synthetic fuels promise excellent end-use properties, reduced emissions, and if produced from biomass, also reduced CO2 emissions. The report presents an analysis of technology options to meet the requirements for energy security, reduced CO2 emissions, reduced local emissions as well as sustainability in general in the long run. In the short term, energy savings will be the main measure for CO2 reductions in transport, fuel switches will have a secondary role.
    Original languageEnglish
    PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
    Number of pages159
    ISBN (Electronic)978-951-38-7196-3
    ISBN (Print)978-951-386989-2
    Publication statusPublished - Mar 2008
    MoE publication typeNot Eligible

    Publication series

    SeriesVTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes
    Number2426
    ISSN1235-0605

    Fingerprint

    Alternative fuels
    Biofuels
    Gasoline
    Diesel engines
    Sustainable development
    Automotive fuels
    Synthetic fuels
    Energy security
    Fuel consumption
    Energy conservation
    Biomass
    Ethanol
    Switches
    Engines

    Keywords

    • Alcohols
    • Alternative fuels
    • Biodiesel
    • Biofuels
    • Biogas
    • Emissions
    • Engine technology
    • Ethanol
    • Legislation
    • Natural gas
    • Standards
    • Synthetic fuels
    • Vehicle technology

    Cite this

    Nylund, N. O., Aakko-Saksa, P., & Sipilä, K. (2008). Status and outlook for biofuels, other alternative fuels and new vehicles. VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes, No. 2426
    Nylund, Nils Olof ; Aakko-Saksa, Päivi ; Sipilä, Kai. / Status and outlook for biofuels, other alternative fuels and new vehicles. VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2008. 159 p. (VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes; No. 2426).
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    abstract = "The report presents an outlook for alternative motor fuels and new vehicles. The time period covered extends up to 2030. The International Energy Agency and the U.S. Energy Information Administration predict that the world energy demand will increase by over 50{\%} from now to 2030, if policies remain unchanged. Most of the growth in demand for energy in general, as well as for transport fuels, will take place in non-OECD countries. Gasoline and diesel are projected to remain the dominant automotive fuels until 2030. Vehicle technology and high quality fuels will eventually solve the problem of harmful exhaust emissions. However, the problem with CO2 still remains, and much attention will be given to increase efficiency. Hybrid technology is one option to reduce fuel consumption. Diesel engines are fuel efficient, but have high emissions compared with advanced gasoline engines. New combustion systems combining the best qualities of gasoline and diesel engines promise low emissions as well as high efficiency. The scenarios for alternative fuels vary a lot. By 2030, alternative fuels could represent a 10-30{\%} share of transport fuels, depending on policies. Ambitious goals for biofuels in transport have been set. As advanced biofuels are still in their infancy, it seems probable that traditional biofuels will also be used in 2030. Ethanol is the fastest growing biofuel. Currently the sustainability of biofuels is discussed extensively. Synthetic fuels promise excellent end-use properties, reduced emissions, and if produced from biomass, also reduced CO2 emissions. The report presents an analysis of technology options to meet the requirements for energy security, reduced CO2 emissions, reduced local emissions as well as sustainability in general in the long run. In the short term, energy savings will be the main measure for CO2 reductions in transport, fuel switches will have a secondary role.",
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    Nylund, NO, Aakko-Saksa, P & Sipilä, K 2008, Status and outlook for biofuels, other alternative fuels and new vehicles. VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes, no. 2426, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland.

    Status and outlook for biofuels, other alternative fuels and new vehicles. / Nylund, Nils Olof; Aakko-Saksa, Päivi; Sipilä, Kai.

    VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2008. 159 p. (VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes; No. 2426).

    Research output: Book/ReportReport

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    AU - Aakko-Saksa, Päivi

    AU - Sipilä, Kai

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    N2 - The report presents an outlook for alternative motor fuels and new vehicles. The time period covered extends up to 2030. The International Energy Agency and the U.S. Energy Information Administration predict that the world energy demand will increase by over 50% from now to 2030, if policies remain unchanged. Most of the growth in demand for energy in general, as well as for transport fuels, will take place in non-OECD countries. Gasoline and diesel are projected to remain the dominant automotive fuels until 2030. Vehicle technology and high quality fuels will eventually solve the problem of harmful exhaust emissions. However, the problem with CO2 still remains, and much attention will be given to increase efficiency. Hybrid technology is one option to reduce fuel consumption. Diesel engines are fuel efficient, but have high emissions compared with advanced gasoline engines. New combustion systems combining the best qualities of gasoline and diesel engines promise low emissions as well as high efficiency. The scenarios for alternative fuels vary a lot. By 2030, alternative fuels could represent a 10-30% share of transport fuels, depending on policies. Ambitious goals for biofuels in transport have been set. As advanced biofuels are still in their infancy, it seems probable that traditional biofuels will also be used in 2030. Ethanol is the fastest growing biofuel. Currently the sustainability of biofuels is discussed extensively. Synthetic fuels promise excellent end-use properties, reduced emissions, and if produced from biomass, also reduced CO2 emissions. The report presents an analysis of technology options to meet the requirements for energy security, reduced CO2 emissions, reduced local emissions as well as sustainability in general in the long run. In the short term, energy savings will be the main measure for CO2 reductions in transport, fuel switches will have a secondary role.

    AB - The report presents an outlook for alternative motor fuels and new vehicles. The time period covered extends up to 2030. The International Energy Agency and the U.S. Energy Information Administration predict that the world energy demand will increase by over 50% from now to 2030, if policies remain unchanged. Most of the growth in demand for energy in general, as well as for transport fuels, will take place in non-OECD countries. Gasoline and diesel are projected to remain the dominant automotive fuels until 2030. Vehicle technology and high quality fuels will eventually solve the problem of harmful exhaust emissions. However, the problem with CO2 still remains, and much attention will be given to increase efficiency. Hybrid technology is one option to reduce fuel consumption. Diesel engines are fuel efficient, but have high emissions compared with advanced gasoline engines. New combustion systems combining the best qualities of gasoline and diesel engines promise low emissions as well as high efficiency. The scenarios for alternative fuels vary a lot. By 2030, alternative fuels could represent a 10-30% share of transport fuels, depending on policies. Ambitious goals for biofuels in transport have been set. As advanced biofuels are still in their infancy, it seems probable that traditional biofuels will also be used in 2030. Ethanol is the fastest growing biofuel. Currently the sustainability of biofuels is discussed extensively. Synthetic fuels promise excellent end-use properties, reduced emissions, and if produced from biomass, also reduced CO2 emissions. The report presents an analysis of technology options to meet the requirements for energy security, reduced CO2 emissions, reduced local emissions as well as sustainability in general in the long run. In the short term, energy savings will be the main measure for CO2 reductions in transport, fuel switches will have a secondary role.

    KW - Alcohols

    KW - Alternative fuels

    KW - Biodiesel

    KW - Biofuels

    KW - Biogas

    KW - Emissions

    KW - Engine technology

    KW - Ethanol

    KW - Legislation

    KW - Natural gas

    KW - Standards

    KW - Synthetic fuels

    KW - Vehicle technology

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    M3 - Report

    AN - SCOPUS:84884734451

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    BT - Status and outlook for biofuels, other alternative fuels and new vehicles

    PB - VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland

    ER -

    Nylund NO, Aakko-Saksa P, Sipilä K. Status and outlook for biofuels, other alternative fuels and new vehicles. VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2008. 159 p. (VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes; No. 2426).