Strength of European Timber

Part 2. Properties of spruce and pine tested in Gradewood project

Alpo Ranta-Maunus, Julia K. Denzler, Peter Stapel

Research output: Book/ReportReportProfessional

Abstract

More than 6000 specimens of spruce and pine grown in several European countries were tested by destructive and non-destructive means in laboratory. Five strength grading machines were also used to test the material. This report includes the description of sampling as well as tension and bending properties of material with comparisons to earlier results. Main purpose of this report is to document experimental results. Analysis in-cludes basic statistical characteristics such as means, coefficients of variation and correlations between grade determining properties and indicating properties. Also the possibility of having same settings in different countries has been focused.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationEspoo
PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Number of pages115
ISBN (Electronic)978-951-38-7521-3
Publication statusPublished - 2011
MoE publication typeNot Eligible

Publication series

NameVTT Working Papers
PublisherVTT
No.179
ISSN (Electronic)1459-7683

Fingerprint

Picea
Pinus
testing
sampling

Keywords

  • grading
  • strength
  • bending
  • tension
  • spruce
  • pine
  • machine
  • test
  • correlation

Cite this

Ranta-Maunus, A., Denzler, J. K., & Stapel, P. (2011). Strength of European Timber: Part 2. Properties of spruce and pine tested in Gradewood project. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. VTT Working Papers, No. 179
Ranta-Maunus, Alpo ; Denzler, Julia K. ; Stapel, Peter. / Strength of European Timber : Part 2. Properties of spruce and pine tested in Gradewood project. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2011. 115 p. (VTT Working Papers; No. 179).
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Ranta-Maunus, A, Denzler, JK & Stapel, P 2011, Strength of European Timber: Part 2. Properties of spruce and pine tested in Gradewood project. VTT Working Papers, no. 179, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo.

Strength of European Timber : Part 2. Properties of spruce and pine tested in Gradewood project. / Ranta-Maunus, Alpo; Denzler, Julia K.; Stapel, Peter.

Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2011. 115 p. (VTT Working Papers; No. 179).

Research output: Book/ReportReportProfessional

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Ranta-Maunus A, Denzler JK, Stapel P. Strength of European Timber: Part 2. Properties of spruce and pine tested in Gradewood project. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2011. 115 p. (VTT Working Papers; No. 179).