Structural and enzymic changes in germinated barley and rye

Karin Autio, Taina Simoinen, Marjatta Salmenkallio-Marttila, Kati Lassila, Annika Wilhelmson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Germination of barley and rye grains at 15°C and 56% moisture content resulted in the production of α‐amylase, β‐glucanase, endo‐β‐xylanase and α‐arabinosidase. During germination of rye, enzyme activity increased significantly after the first day, whereas in the case of barley a rapid increase was not observed until after the third or fourth day. Rye varieties produced more xylanase, whereas barley produced more α‐amylase and β‐glucanase. Of the barley samples, germinated Pokko had the highest activities of β‐glucanase, xylanase and α‐amylase, and at 46% moisture content highest degradation of cell walls on the basis of image analysis. Arve had the highest α‐arabinofuranosidase activity. Of the rye samples, Amando produced more xylanase and α‐arabinosidase than Anna. The Mw of barley and rye β‐glucan decreased significantly during germination. In rye samples, residual high molecular weight arabinoxylans were still present after 4 days of germination. The mass average molecular weight (Mw) of this fraction was 3 × 106.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19-25
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the Institute of Brewing
Volume107
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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Hordeum
rye
barley
Germination
alpha-N-arabinofuranosidase
xylanases
Amylases
amylases
germination
Molecular Weight
molecular weight
endo-1,4-beta-xylanase
Endo-1,4-beta Xylanases
water content
arabinoxylan
Glucans
glucans
sampling
Cell Wall
Secale

Cite this

Autio, K., Simoinen, T., Salmenkallio-Marttila, M., Lassila, K., & Wilhelmson, A. (2001). Structural and enzymic changes in germinated barley and rye. Journal of the Institute of Brewing, 107(1), 19-25. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.2050-0416.2001.tb00075.x
Autio, Karin ; Simoinen, Taina ; Salmenkallio-Marttila, Marjatta ; Lassila, Kati ; Wilhelmson, Annika. / Structural and enzymic changes in germinated barley and rye. In: Journal of the Institute of Brewing. 2001 ; Vol. 107, No. 1. pp. 19-25.
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title = "Structural and enzymic changes in germinated barley and rye",
abstract = "Germination of barley and rye grains at 15°C and 56{\%} moisture content resulted in the production of α‐amylase, β‐glucanase, endo‐β‐xylanase and α‐arabinosidase. During germination of rye, enzyme activity increased significantly after the first day, whereas in the case of barley a rapid increase was not observed until after the third or fourth day. Rye varieties produced more xylanase, whereas barley produced more α‐amylase and β‐glucanase. Of the barley samples, germinated Pokko had the highest activities of β‐glucanase, xylanase and α‐amylase, and at 46{\%} moisture content highest degradation of cell walls on the basis of image analysis. Arve had the highest α‐arabinofuranosidase activity. Of the rye samples, Amando produced more xylanase and α‐arabinosidase than Anna. The Mw of barley and rye β‐glucan decreased significantly during germination. In rye samples, residual high molecular weight arabinoxylans were still present after 4 days of germination. The mass average molecular weight (Mw) of this fraction was 3 × 106.",
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Autio, K, Simoinen, T, Salmenkallio-Marttila, M, Lassila, K & Wilhelmson, A 2001, 'Structural and enzymic changes in germinated barley and rye', Journal of the Institute of Brewing, vol. 107, no. 1, pp. 19-25. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.2050-0416.2001.tb00075.x

Structural and enzymic changes in germinated barley and rye. / Autio, Karin; Simoinen, Taina; Salmenkallio-Marttila, Marjatta; Lassila, Kati; Wilhelmson, Annika.

In: Journal of the Institute of Brewing, Vol. 107, No. 1, 2001, p. 19-25.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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AU - Autio, Karin

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AB - Germination of barley and rye grains at 15°C and 56% moisture content resulted in the production of α‐amylase, β‐glucanase, endo‐β‐xylanase and α‐arabinosidase. During germination of rye, enzyme activity increased significantly after the first day, whereas in the case of barley a rapid increase was not observed until after the third or fourth day. Rye varieties produced more xylanase, whereas barley produced more α‐amylase and β‐glucanase. Of the barley samples, germinated Pokko had the highest activities of β‐glucanase, xylanase and α‐amylase, and at 46% moisture content highest degradation of cell walls on the basis of image analysis. Arve had the highest α‐arabinofuranosidase activity. Of the rye samples, Amando produced more xylanase and α‐arabinosidase than Anna. The Mw of barley and rye β‐glucan decreased significantly during germination. In rye samples, residual high molecular weight arabinoxylans were still present after 4 days of germination. The mass average molecular weight (Mw) of this fraction was 3 × 106.

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