NOx reduction over Ir-based catalysts in the presence of excess oxygen with hydrocarbon as a reductant was investigated in the focus on observing microstructure of Ir particle supported on various carriers and structural evolution of highly active Ir-based catalysts in the NOx reduction. Characterization of Ir-based catalysts using SEM, TEM, XRD, CO chemisorption and XPS, and reaction studies on various Ir-based catalysts have proved that the formation of relatively large Ir metal particle with 40–60 nm of nanocrystal size carried on inert supports has been a prerequisite for the evolution of high activities in the NOx reduction rather than the formation of Ir metal state on the catalyst. Furthermore, in inert gas conditions in a high temperature range of 850–950°C, Ir metal was easily formed by using the support such as TiO2 and ZrO2 that drastically decreased its specific surface area in the temperature range.
Nakatsuji, T., & Komppa, V. (2001). Structural Evolution of Highly Active Ir-Based Catalysts for the Selective Reduction of NO with Reductants in Oxidizing Conditions. Topics in Catalysis, 16(1-4), 217-223. https://doi.org/10.1023%2FA%3A1016676024333