Structural properties of Ge-implanted Si1xGex layers

Z. Xia, EO O. Ristolainen, H. Ronkainen, J. Saarilahti, K. Grahn, J. Molarius

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    2 Citations (Scopus)


    The structural properties of epitaxial Si1 - xGex layers formed by high-dose germanium implantation have been studied. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and Rutherford backscattering channeling (RBS-C) were employed to evaluate the annealing behavior of radiation damage. The depth profiles of impurities and dopants of O, C, F, and Ge were measured by secondary-ion mass spectroscopy (SIMS). Defect-free epitaxial regrowth through rapid thermal annealing (RTA) at 1100 °C for 10 s was observed for the silicon layer implanted by 50-keV Ge+ ions. However, a great number of end-of-range (EOR) dislocation loops were left with the same RTA process when the silicon layer was implanted by 100-keV Ge+ ions. The EOR damage density was considerably reduced with an increase in the RTA time; consequently, dislocation defects disappeared after RTA at 1100 °C for 200 s. This was confirmed by TEM. Further SIMS studies showed that out-diffusion of impurities of O, C, and F towards surfaces was accompanied by a reduction of residual EOR damaged.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1071-1075
    Number of pages5
    Issue number8-10
    Publication statusPublished - 1995
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • secondary ion mass spectroscopy
    • Rutherford backscattering channeling
    • impurity depth profiles
    • high-dose germanium implantation


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