Studies on the oxidation of organic iodine by beta radiation

Teemu Kärkelä, Ari Auvinen, Tommi Kekki, Petri Kotiluoto, Jussi Lyyränen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

Abstract

The first experiments on the radiolytical oxidation of gaseous iodine by beta radiation were conducted with a new BESSEL (Beta irradiation vESSEL) test facility of VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. The reaction chamber was made of glass and a source of beta radiation (P-32, activity 5 mCi) was placed at the bottom. The residence time of gaseous sample in the radiation field, the composition of gas flow and the temperature of the facility could be adjusted. In the experiments, gaseous methyl iodide (CH3I) was exposed to beta radiation in various mixtures of oxygen and nitrogen. The results of the experiments at 20 °C revealed that as an outcome of radiolytic oxidation the nucleation of particles took place. Their measured diameter was very small, approx. 10 to 50 nm, but a small fraction of particles had a diameter even higher than 100 nm. The formed particles seemed to react with the humidity of air and dissolve very rapidly. Since particles were highly water soluble and volatile, it was very difficult to analyse their properties with SEM-EDX. The only observed gaseous reaction product was carbon dioxide (CO2). It was detected when the residence time of gaseous sample inside the reaction chamber was 1 day or more.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationERMSAR 2015
PublisherIRSN
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 2015
MoE publication typeB3 Non-refereed article in conference proceedings
Event7th Conference on Severe Accident Research, ERMSAR 2015 - Marseille, France
Duration: 24 Mar 201526 Mar 2015
Conference number: 7
http://www.sar-net.eu/sites/default/files/flyer_ermsar2015.pdf (ERMSAR 2015)

Conference

Conference7th Conference on Severe Accident Research, ERMSAR 2015
Abbreviated titleERMSAR 2015
CountryFrance
CityMarseille
Period24/03/1526/03/15
Internet address

Fingerprint

Iodine
Radiation
Oxidation
Experiments
Test facilities
Reaction products
Carbon Dioxide
Flow of gases
Energy dispersive spectroscopy
Atmospheric humidity
Nucleation
Nitrogen
Irradiation
Oxygen
Glass
Scanning electron microscopy
Water
Air
Chemical analysis
Temperature

Keywords

  • radiation, iodine
  • oxidation, nucleation
  • severe accident
  • source term
  • nuclear power plant

Cite this

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title = "Studies on the oxidation of organic iodine by beta radiation",
abstract = "The first experiments on the radiolytical oxidation of gaseous iodine by beta radiation were conducted with a new BESSEL (Beta irradiation vESSEL) test facility of VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. The reaction chamber was made of glass and a source of beta radiation (P-32, activity 5 mCi) was placed at the bottom. The residence time of gaseous sample in the radiation field, the composition of gas flow and the temperature of the facility could be adjusted. In the experiments, gaseous methyl iodide (CH3I) was exposed to beta radiation in various mixtures of oxygen and nitrogen. The results of the experiments at 20 °C revealed that as an outcome of radiolytic oxidation the nucleation of particles took place. Their measured diameter was very small, approx. 10 to 50 nm, but a small fraction of particles had a diameter even higher than 100 nm. The formed particles seemed to react with the humidity of air and dissolve very rapidly. Since particles were highly water soluble and volatile, it was very difficult to analyse their properties with SEM-EDX. The only observed gaseous reaction product was carbon dioxide (CO2). It was detected when the residence time of gaseous sample inside the reaction chamber was 1 day or more.",
keywords = "radiation, iodine, oxidation, nucleation, severe accident, source term, nuclear power plant",
author = "Teemu K{\"a}rkel{\"a} and Ari Auvinen and Tommi Kekki and Petri Kotiluoto and Jussi Lyyr{\"a}nen",
note = "Project : 101862",
year = "2015",
language = "English",
booktitle = "ERMSAR 2015",
publisher = "IRSN",
address = "France",

}

Kärkelä, T, Auvinen, A, Kekki, T, Kotiluoto, P & Lyyränen, J 2015, Studies on the oxidation of organic iodine by beta radiation. in ERMSAR 2015. IRSN, 7th Conference on Severe Accident Research, ERMSAR 2015, Marseille, France, 24/03/15.

Studies on the oxidation of organic iodine by beta radiation. / Kärkelä, Teemu; Auvinen, Ari; Kekki, Tommi; Kotiluoto, Petri; Lyyränen, Jussi.

ERMSAR 2015. IRSN, 2015.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

TY - GEN

T1 - Studies on the oxidation of organic iodine by beta radiation

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AU - Auvinen, Ari

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AU - Kotiluoto, Petri

AU - Lyyränen, Jussi

N1 - Project : 101862

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - The first experiments on the radiolytical oxidation of gaseous iodine by beta radiation were conducted with a new BESSEL (Beta irradiation vESSEL) test facility of VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. The reaction chamber was made of glass and a source of beta radiation (P-32, activity 5 mCi) was placed at the bottom. The residence time of gaseous sample in the radiation field, the composition of gas flow and the temperature of the facility could be adjusted. In the experiments, gaseous methyl iodide (CH3I) was exposed to beta radiation in various mixtures of oxygen and nitrogen. The results of the experiments at 20 °C revealed that as an outcome of radiolytic oxidation the nucleation of particles took place. Their measured diameter was very small, approx. 10 to 50 nm, but a small fraction of particles had a diameter even higher than 100 nm. The formed particles seemed to react with the humidity of air and dissolve very rapidly. Since particles were highly water soluble and volatile, it was very difficult to analyse their properties with SEM-EDX. The only observed gaseous reaction product was carbon dioxide (CO2). It was detected when the residence time of gaseous sample inside the reaction chamber was 1 day or more.

AB - The first experiments on the radiolytical oxidation of gaseous iodine by beta radiation were conducted with a new BESSEL (Beta irradiation vESSEL) test facility of VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. The reaction chamber was made of glass and a source of beta radiation (P-32, activity 5 mCi) was placed at the bottom. The residence time of gaseous sample in the radiation field, the composition of gas flow and the temperature of the facility could be adjusted. In the experiments, gaseous methyl iodide (CH3I) was exposed to beta radiation in various mixtures of oxygen and nitrogen. The results of the experiments at 20 °C revealed that as an outcome of radiolytic oxidation the nucleation of particles took place. Their measured diameter was very small, approx. 10 to 50 nm, but a small fraction of particles had a diameter even higher than 100 nm. The formed particles seemed to react with the humidity of air and dissolve very rapidly. Since particles were highly water soluble and volatile, it was very difficult to analyse their properties with SEM-EDX. The only observed gaseous reaction product was carbon dioxide (CO2). It was detected when the residence time of gaseous sample inside the reaction chamber was 1 day or more.

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KW - oxidation, nucleation

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KW - source term

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