Study of size-fractionated coal-combustion aerosols using instrumental neutron activation analysis

Willy Maenhaut, Esko Kauppinen, Terttaliisa Lind

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The chemical composition of aerosols emitted during coal combustion was studied as a function of particle size down to 0.01 μm. The aerosol collections were carried out in a 81 MW capacity boiler that burned Venezuelan coal in a circulating fluidized bed combustion chamber. The samples were analyzed with upstream of the electrostatic precipitator using a Berner low-pressure impactor, which was quipped with a cyclone pre-cutter to avoid overloading of the first impaction stages. The samples were analyzed by INAA for up to about 40 elements. The elemental concentrations in the particulate matter for each impaction stage were plotted as a function of stage number (particle size). For the elements Na, Al, K, Ca, Sc, Ti, V, Ga, La and Sm, the concentration variation was limited to a factor of 2 to 4, and the concentrations of these elements were lower for the initial and final impactor stages than for the intermediate particle sizes. The variations were also limited to a factor of 2–4 for Mn, Fe, As, Sb and Th, butall these elements showed increasing concentrations with decreasing particle size. Still other elements, such as Ni, Cr, Co, Za, W, Mo and the halogens, were highly enriched (up to 20–100 fold) in the fine particles when compared with the coarse particles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)259 - 269
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Volume167
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1993
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Neutron Activation Analysis
Neutron activation analysis
Coal
Coal combustion
Aerosols
Particle Size
Particle size
Cyclonic Storms
Fluidized bed combustion
Electrostatic precipitators
Halogens
Particulate Matter
Combustion chambers
Static Electricity
Boilers
Pressure
Chemical analysis

Keywords

  • aerosols

Cite this

Maenhaut, Willy ; Kauppinen, Esko ; Lind, Terttaliisa. / Study of size-fractionated coal-combustion aerosols using instrumental neutron activation analysis. In: Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry. 1993 ; Vol. 167, No. 2. pp. 259 - 269.
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abstract = "The chemical composition of aerosols emitted during coal combustion was studied as a function of particle size down to 0.01 μm. The aerosol collections were carried out in a 81 MW capacity boiler that burned Venezuelan coal in a circulating fluidized bed combustion chamber. The samples were analyzed with upstream of the electrostatic precipitator using a Berner low-pressure impactor, which was quipped with a cyclone pre-cutter to avoid overloading of the first impaction stages. The samples were analyzed by INAA for up to about 40 elements. The elemental concentrations in the particulate matter for each impaction stage were plotted as a function of stage number (particle size). For the elements Na, Al, K, Ca, Sc, Ti, V, Ga, La and Sm, the concentration variation was limited to a factor of 2 to 4, and the concentrations of these elements were lower for the initial and final impactor stages than for the intermediate particle sizes. The variations were also limited to a factor of 2–4 for Mn, Fe, As, Sb and Th, butall these elements showed increasing concentrations with decreasing particle size. Still other elements, such as Ni, Cr, Co, Za, W, Mo and the halogens, were highly enriched (up to 20–100 fold) in the fine particles when compared with the coarse particles.",
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Study of size-fractionated coal-combustion aerosols using instrumental neutron activation analysis. / Maenhaut, Willy; Kauppinen, Esko; Lind, Terttaliisa.

In: Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, Vol. 167, No. 2, 1993, p. 259 - 269.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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AB - The chemical composition of aerosols emitted during coal combustion was studied as a function of particle size down to 0.01 μm. The aerosol collections were carried out in a 81 MW capacity boiler that burned Venezuelan coal in a circulating fluidized bed combustion chamber. The samples were analyzed with upstream of the electrostatic precipitator using a Berner low-pressure impactor, which was quipped with a cyclone pre-cutter to avoid overloading of the first impaction stages. The samples were analyzed by INAA for up to about 40 elements. The elemental concentrations in the particulate matter for each impaction stage were plotted as a function of stage number (particle size). For the elements Na, Al, K, Ca, Sc, Ti, V, Ga, La and Sm, the concentration variation was limited to a factor of 2 to 4, and the concentrations of these elements were lower for the initial and final impactor stages than for the intermediate particle sizes. The variations were also limited to a factor of 2–4 for Mn, Fe, As, Sb and Th, butall these elements showed increasing concentrations with decreasing particle size. Still other elements, such as Ni, Cr, Co, Za, W, Mo and the halogens, were highly enriched (up to 20–100 fold) in the fine particles when compared with the coarse particles.

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