Study of the relative dose-response of BANG-3® polymer gel dosimeters in epithermal neutron irradiation

J. Uusi-Simola, S. Savolainen, A. Kangasmäki, S. Heikkinen, J. Perkiö, U. Abo Ramadan, T. Seppälä, J. Karila, T. Serén, P. Kotiluoto, P. Sorvari, I. Auterinen

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    25 Citations (Scopus)


    Polymer gels have been reported as a new, potential tool for dosimetry in mixed neutron-gamma radiation fields. In this work, BANG-3 (MGS Research Inc.) gel vials from three production batches were irradiated with 6 MV photons of a Varian Clinac 2100 C linear accelerator and with the epithermal neutron beam of the Finnish boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) facility at the FiR 1 nuclear reactor. The gel is tissue equivalent in main elemental composition and density and its T2 relaxation time is dependent on the absorbed dose. The T2 relaxation time map of the irradiated gel vials was measured with a 1.5 T magnetic resonance (MR) scanner using spin echo sequence. The absorbed doses of neutron irradiation were calculated using DORT computer code, and the accuracy of the calculational model was verified by measuring gamma ray dose rate with thermoluminescent dosimeters and 55Mn(n,γ) activation reaction rate with activation detectors. The response of the BANG-3 gel dosimeter for total absorbed dose in the neutron irradiation was linear, and the magnitude of the response relative to the response in the photon irradiation was observed to vary between different gel batches. The results support the potential of polymer gels in BNCT dosimetry, especially for the verification of two- or three-dimensional dose distributions.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2895-2906
    Number of pages12
    JournalPhysics in Medicine and Biology
    Issue number17
    Publication statusPublished - 7 Sept 2003
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • dosimetry
    • gel dosimeter
    • epithermal irradiation
    • epithermal neutrons
    • boron neutron capture therapy


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