Studying the effect of the elements Ce and Cr on the high-temperature oxidation behavior of low-Cr steels

V.B. Trindade, U. Krupp, H.-J. Christ, Satu Tuurna, Liisa Heikinheimo, M. Arponen

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

    Abstract

    The oxidation behavior of steels containing low-Cr concentrations (0.5-2.25 wt.%) has been studied in laboratory air in the temperature range of 400-550oC. The oxidation rate of the steels were lower than that of pure iron, but higher than that of pure iron when a small amount of rare earth element cerium (0.03 wt.%) is added to the steel 2.25Cr1Mo. The mass change follows a nearly parabolic law for the case of pure iron and the steel without Ce addition, while linear behavior describes the oxygen uptake for the case of the steel 2.25Cr1Mo+0.03Ce. SEM cross section observations and thermodynamic calculations confirm that there is no wustite (FeO) formation during oxidation of pure iron and low-Cr steels at 550oC, whereas FeO might be formed in the oxide scale of 2.25Cr1Mo+0.03Ce at the same oxidation conditions (temperature, atmosphere and exposure time). By investigating the temperature for FeO stability, this study reveals that the temperature for FeO formation on pure iron is 568oC, for the steel 2.25Cr1Mo 589oC, and 471oC for the steel 2.25Cr1Mo+0.03Ce. This low value for the FeO stability temperature found for the steel 2.25Cr1Mo+0.03Ce explains why this steel oxidizes very fast at 550oC.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationBALTICA VII - Life Management and Maintenance for Power Plants. Vol. 2
    Place of PublicationEspoo
    PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
    Pages123-134
    ISBN (Electronic)978-951-38-6318-0
    ISBN (Print)978-951-38-6317-3
    Publication statusPublished - 2007
    MoE publication typeB3 Non-refereed article in conference proceedings
    EventBALTICA VII - International Conference on Life Management and Main-tenance for Power Plants - Helsinki-Stockholm, Finland
    Duration: 12 Jun 200714 Jun 2007

    Publication series

    SeriesVTT Symposium
    Number247
    ISSN0357-9387

    Conference

    ConferenceBALTICA VII - International Conference on Life Management and Main-tenance for Power Plants
    CountryFinland
    CityHelsinki-Stockholm
    Period12/06/0714/06/07

    Fingerprint

    steel
    oxidation
    iron
    temperature
    effect
    cerium
    rare earth element
    cross section
    thermodynamics
    scanning electron microscopy
    oxide
    oxygen
    atmosphere
    air

    Cite this

    Trindade, V. B., Krupp, U., Christ, H-J., Tuurna, S., Heikinheimo, L., & Arponen, M. (2007). Studying the effect of the elements Ce and Cr on the high-temperature oxidation behavior of low-Cr steels. In BALTICA VII - Life Management and Maintenance for Power Plants. Vol. 2 (pp. 123-134). Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. VTT Symposium, No. 247
    Trindade, V.B. ; Krupp, U. ; Christ, H.-J. ; Tuurna, Satu ; Heikinheimo, Liisa ; Arponen, M. / Studying the effect of the elements Ce and Cr on the high-temperature oxidation behavior of low-Cr steels. BALTICA VII - Life Management and Maintenance for Power Plants. Vol. 2. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2007. pp. 123-134 (VTT Symposium; No. 247).
    @inproceedings{40e182863efc42d3a731796229605b97,
    title = "Studying the effect of the elements Ce and Cr on the high-temperature oxidation behavior of low-Cr steels",
    abstract = "The oxidation behavior of steels containing low-Cr concentrations (0.5-2.25 wt.{\%}) has been studied in laboratory air in the temperature range of 400-550oC. The oxidation rate of the steels were lower than that of pure iron, but higher than that of pure iron when a small amount of rare earth element cerium (0.03 wt.{\%}) is added to the steel 2.25Cr1Mo. The mass change follows a nearly parabolic law for the case of pure iron and the steel without Ce addition, while linear behavior describes the oxygen uptake for the case of the steel 2.25Cr1Mo+0.03Ce. SEM cross section observations and thermodynamic calculations confirm that there is no wustite (FeO) formation during oxidation of pure iron and low-Cr steels at 550oC, whereas FeO might be formed in the oxide scale of 2.25Cr1Mo+0.03Ce at the same oxidation conditions (temperature, atmosphere and exposure time). By investigating the temperature for FeO stability, this study reveals that the temperature for FeO formation on pure iron is 568oC, for the steel 2.25Cr1Mo 589oC, and 471oC for the steel 2.25Cr1Mo+0.03Ce. This low value for the FeO stability temperature found for the steel 2.25Cr1Mo+0.03Ce explains why this steel oxidizes very fast at 550oC.",
    author = "V.B. Trindade and U. Krupp and H.-J. Christ and Satu Tuurna and Liisa Heikinheimo and M. Arponen",
    year = "2007",
    language = "English",
    isbn = "978-951-38-6317-3",
    series = "VTT Symposium",
    publisher = "VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland",
    number = "247",
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    booktitle = "BALTICA VII - Life Management and Maintenance for Power Plants. Vol. 2",
    address = "Finland",

    }

    Trindade, VB, Krupp, U, Christ, H-J, Tuurna, S, Heikinheimo, L & Arponen, M 2007, Studying the effect of the elements Ce and Cr on the high-temperature oxidation behavior of low-Cr steels. in BALTICA VII - Life Management and Maintenance for Power Plants. Vol. 2. VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo, VTT Symposium, no. 247, pp. 123-134, BALTICA VII - International Conference on Life Management and Main-tenance for Power Plants, Helsinki-Stockholm, Finland, 12/06/07.

    Studying the effect of the elements Ce and Cr on the high-temperature oxidation behavior of low-Cr steels. / Trindade, V.B.; Krupp, U.; Christ, H.-J.; Tuurna, Satu; Heikinheimo, Liisa; Arponen, M.

    BALTICA VII - Life Management and Maintenance for Power Plants. Vol. 2. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2007. p. 123-134 (VTT Symposium; No. 247).

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

    TY - GEN

    T1 - Studying the effect of the elements Ce and Cr on the high-temperature oxidation behavior of low-Cr steels

    AU - Trindade, V.B.

    AU - Krupp, U.

    AU - Christ, H.-J.

    AU - Tuurna, Satu

    AU - Heikinheimo, Liisa

    AU - Arponen, M.

    PY - 2007

    Y1 - 2007

    N2 - The oxidation behavior of steels containing low-Cr concentrations (0.5-2.25 wt.%) has been studied in laboratory air in the temperature range of 400-550oC. The oxidation rate of the steels were lower than that of pure iron, but higher than that of pure iron when a small amount of rare earth element cerium (0.03 wt.%) is added to the steel 2.25Cr1Mo. The mass change follows a nearly parabolic law for the case of pure iron and the steel without Ce addition, while linear behavior describes the oxygen uptake for the case of the steel 2.25Cr1Mo+0.03Ce. SEM cross section observations and thermodynamic calculations confirm that there is no wustite (FeO) formation during oxidation of pure iron and low-Cr steels at 550oC, whereas FeO might be formed in the oxide scale of 2.25Cr1Mo+0.03Ce at the same oxidation conditions (temperature, atmosphere and exposure time). By investigating the temperature for FeO stability, this study reveals that the temperature for FeO formation on pure iron is 568oC, for the steel 2.25Cr1Mo 589oC, and 471oC for the steel 2.25Cr1Mo+0.03Ce. This low value for the FeO stability temperature found for the steel 2.25Cr1Mo+0.03Ce explains why this steel oxidizes very fast at 550oC.

    AB - The oxidation behavior of steels containing low-Cr concentrations (0.5-2.25 wt.%) has been studied in laboratory air in the temperature range of 400-550oC. The oxidation rate of the steels were lower than that of pure iron, but higher than that of pure iron when a small amount of rare earth element cerium (0.03 wt.%) is added to the steel 2.25Cr1Mo. The mass change follows a nearly parabolic law for the case of pure iron and the steel without Ce addition, while linear behavior describes the oxygen uptake for the case of the steel 2.25Cr1Mo+0.03Ce. SEM cross section observations and thermodynamic calculations confirm that there is no wustite (FeO) formation during oxidation of pure iron and low-Cr steels at 550oC, whereas FeO might be formed in the oxide scale of 2.25Cr1Mo+0.03Ce at the same oxidation conditions (temperature, atmosphere and exposure time). By investigating the temperature for FeO stability, this study reveals that the temperature for FeO formation on pure iron is 568oC, for the steel 2.25Cr1Mo 589oC, and 471oC for the steel 2.25Cr1Mo+0.03Ce. This low value for the FeO stability temperature found for the steel 2.25Cr1Mo+0.03Ce explains why this steel oxidizes very fast at 550oC.

    M3 - Conference article in proceedings

    SN - 978-951-38-6317-3

    T3 - VTT Symposium

    SP - 123

    EP - 134

    BT - BALTICA VII - Life Management and Maintenance for Power Plants. Vol. 2

    PB - VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland

    CY - Espoo

    ER -

    Trindade VB, Krupp U, Christ H-J, Tuurna S, Heikinheimo L, Arponen M. Studying the effect of the elements Ce and Cr on the high-temperature oxidation behavior of low-Cr steels. In BALTICA VII - Life Management and Maintenance for Power Plants. Vol. 2. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. 2007. p. 123-134. (VTT Symposium; No. 247).