Sub-micron carbon fibres prepared from electrospun precursors

Pirjo Heikkilä, Lisa Wikström, Antti T. Pasanen, Pertti Kauranen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference abstract in proceedingsScientific

Abstract

Electrospinning is a method that can be use to prepare polymeric or composite fibres having diameters typically sub-micron range. In electrospinning electrostatic field stretches the polymer solution into interconnected nanofiber web. Electrospun fibres can be prepared from wide variety of polymers. Metal containing nanofibres, for example, can be pyrolysed to ceramic nanofibres, and organic nanofibres graphitized to carbon nanofibres. Electrospun fibres can be utilized in many applications, such as filtration, reinforcement, filtration, tissue engineering, sensors, fuel cells and nanoelectronics. Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are widely used as filler in electrospun fibres as reinforcement component in electrospun polymeric fibres, but they are also used in order to modify electrical properties of fibres. In this work electrospinning method was used for production of sub-micron sized precursor fibres for carbon fibre production. Fibres were prepared using from neat polymeric polyacrylontirile (PAN) solution as well as PAN solutions containing CNTs. Obtained fibrous web had fibre diameters on sub-micron range. Increment of CNTs into fibres changed their appearance as well as their tensile properties. Appearance of PAN and PAN/CNT fibres is presented in figure 1 a) and b), respectively. Force-strain curve illustrates the chance in tensile properties. Elongation of the polymeric fibre is higher, while composite fibres often had higher modulus. These fibrous webs were stabilized in temperatures around 300 °C and carbonization was conducted typically in temperatures above 1000 °C. Heat treatments were conducted as continuous processes. FTIR analysis showed that nitrile bonds were disappeared from the structure and new peaks related to the stabile structure were emerged during stabilization. Fibre diameters as well as web dimensions were reduced in both heat treatments. Tensile properties were also affected.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAbstract Book
Subtitle of host publicationAUTEX2010, 10th World Textile Conference
PublisherKaunas University of Technology
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 2010
MoE publication typeNot Eligible
Event10th World Textile Conference AUTEX2010 - Vilnius, Lithuania
Duration: 21 Jun 201023 Jun 2010

Conference

Conference10th World Textile Conference AUTEX2010
CountryLithuania
CityVilnius
Period21/06/1023/06/10

Fingerprint

nanofibers
carbon nanotubes
polymers
heat treatment
fuel cells
filling materials
nitriles
tissue engineering
electrical properties
ceramics
sensors (equipment)
temperature
metals
carbon fibers
carbon
methodology

Keywords

  • electrospinning
  • carbon nanofibres
  • continuous stabilization
  • continuous carbonization

Cite this

Heikkilä, P., Wikström, L., Pasanen, A. T., & Kauranen, P. (2010). Sub-micron carbon fibres prepared from electrospun precursors. In Abstract Book: AUTEX2010, 10th World Textile Conference Kaunas University of Technology.
Heikkilä, Pirjo ; Wikström, Lisa ; Pasanen, Antti T. ; Kauranen, Pertti. / Sub-micron carbon fibres prepared from electrospun precursors. Abstract Book: AUTEX2010, 10th World Textile Conference. Kaunas University of Technology, 2010.
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Heikkilä, P, Wikström, L, Pasanen, AT & Kauranen, P 2010, Sub-micron carbon fibres prepared from electrospun precursors. in Abstract Book: AUTEX2010, 10th World Textile Conference. Kaunas University of Technology, 10th World Textile Conference AUTEX2010, Vilnius, Lithuania, 21/06/10.

Sub-micron carbon fibres prepared from electrospun precursors. / Heikkilä, Pirjo; Wikström, Lisa; Pasanen, Antti T.; Kauranen, Pertti.

Abstract Book: AUTEX2010, 10th World Textile Conference. Kaunas University of Technology, 2010.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference abstract in proceedingsScientific

TY - CHAP

T1 - Sub-micron carbon fibres prepared from electrospun precursors

AU - Heikkilä, Pirjo

AU - Wikström, Lisa

AU - Pasanen, Antti T.

AU - Kauranen, Pertti

N1 - Project code: 20868

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - Electrospinning is a method that can be use to prepare polymeric or composite fibres having diameters typically sub-micron range. In electrospinning electrostatic field stretches the polymer solution into interconnected nanofiber web. Electrospun fibres can be prepared from wide variety of polymers. Metal containing nanofibres, for example, can be pyrolysed to ceramic nanofibres, and organic nanofibres graphitized to carbon nanofibres. Electrospun fibres can be utilized in many applications, such as filtration, reinforcement, filtration, tissue engineering, sensors, fuel cells and nanoelectronics. Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are widely used as filler in electrospun fibres as reinforcement component in electrospun polymeric fibres, but they are also used in order to modify electrical properties of fibres. In this work electrospinning method was used for production of sub-micron sized precursor fibres for carbon fibre production. Fibres were prepared using from neat polymeric polyacrylontirile (PAN) solution as well as PAN solutions containing CNTs. Obtained fibrous web had fibre diameters on sub-micron range. Increment of CNTs into fibres changed their appearance as well as their tensile properties. Appearance of PAN and PAN/CNT fibres is presented in figure 1 a) and b), respectively. Force-strain curve illustrates the chance in tensile properties. Elongation of the polymeric fibre is higher, while composite fibres often had higher modulus. These fibrous webs were stabilized in temperatures around 300 °C and carbonization was conducted typically in temperatures above 1000 °C. Heat treatments were conducted as continuous processes. FTIR analysis showed that nitrile bonds were disappeared from the structure and new peaks related to the stabile structure were emerged during stabilization. Fibre diameters as well as web dimensions were reduced in both heat treatments. Tensile properties were also affected.

AB - Electrospinning is a method that can be use to prepare polymeric or composite fibres having diameters typically sub-micron range. In electrospinning electrostatic field stretches the polymer solution into interconnected nanofiber web. Electrospun fibres can be prepared from wide variety of polymers. Metal containing nanofibres, for example, can be pyrolysed to ceramic nanofibres, and organic nanofibres graphitized to carbon nanofibres. Electrospun fibres can be utilized in many applications, such as filtration, reinforcement, filtration, tissue engineering, sensors, fuel cells and nanoelectronics. Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are widely used as filler in electrospun fibres as reinforcement component in electrospun polymeric fibres, but they are also used in order to modify electrical properties of fibres. In this work electrospinning method was used for production of sub-micron sized precursor fibres for carbon fibre production. Fibres were prepared using from neat polymeric polyacrylontirile (PAN) solution as well as PAN solutions containing CNTs. Obtained fibrous web had fibre diameters on sub-micron range. Increment of CNTs into fibres changed their appearance as well as their tensile properties. Appearance of PAN and PAN/CNT fibres is presented in figure 1 a) and b), respectively. Force-strain curve illustrates the chance in tensile properties. Elongation of the polymeric fibre is higher, while composite fibres often had higher modulus. These fibrous webs were stabilized in temperatures around 300 °C and carbonization was conducted typically in temperatures above 1000 °C. Heat treatments were conducted as continuous processes. FTIR analysis showed that nitrile bonds were disappeared from the structure and new peaks related to the stabile structure were emerged during stabilization. Fibre diameters as well as web dimensions were reduced in both heat treatments. Tensile properties were also affected.

KW - electrospinning

KW - carbon nanofibres

KW - continuous stabilization

KW - continuous carbonization

M3 - Conference abstract in proceedings

BT - Abstract Book

PB - Kaunas University of Technology

ER -

Heikkilä P, Wikström L, Pasanen AT, Kauranen P. Sub-micron carbon fibres prepared from electrospun precursors. In Abstract Book: AUTEX2010, 10th World Textile Conference. Kaunas University of Technology. 2010