Sulphidation attack of the heat transfer surfaces in boilers

Materials performance and views on future prospects

Martti Mäkipää, David Baxter, Erja Turunen, Maria Oksa

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

Abstract

Sulphidation attack of the heat transfer surfaces in boilers may be due to the presence of reduced sulphur compounds in gaseous phase, or due to the result of adverse deposit conditions. Under reducing conditions in the furnace, the safe upper temperature limit of heat transfer surfaces made of low alloyed steels may be no more than about 300-330oC. The use of austenitic stainless steels or high chromium - high nickel alloys may allow metal temperatures that are 50 to 80 degrees or more higher. However, deposition of alkali and heavy metal salts may create corrosion conditions where protective chromium oxide or chromium sulphide scales fail. Materials design for the mixed fuel or high-pressure boilers must be considered carefully. High wastage rates of heat exchangers made of highly alloyed metallic materials or claddings may not be feasible for economic and environmental reasons. New developments in the manufacturing of austenitic stainless steels, however, may provide economic solutions for the superheater steel tubes. Corrosion resistant thermal spray coatings may fail due to their porous or discontinuous structure, or due to the thermal mismatch with the substrate. Prospective technologies based on the application of nanosized raw materials aiming to manufacture of gas-tight, temperature cycling resistant coatings are in the development stage.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication BALTICA VI - Life management and maintenance for power plants. Vol. 1
Place of PublicationEspoo
PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Pages209-221
ISBN (Electronic)951-38-6292-5
ISBN (Print)951-38-6291-7
Publication statusPublished - 2004
MoE publication typeB3 Non-refereed article in conference proceedings
EventBALTICA VI - Life Management and Maintenance for Power Plants - Helsinki-Stockholm, Finland
Duration: 8 Jun 200410 Jun 2004

Publication series

NameVTT Symposium
PublisherVTT
Number233
ISSN (Print)0357-9387
ISSN (Electronic)1455-0873

Conference

ConferenceBALTICA VI - Life Management and Maintenance for Power Plants
CountryFinland
CityHelsinki-Stockholm
Period8/06/0410/06/04

Fingerprint

Boilers
Steel
Chromium
Austenitic stainless steel
Heat transfer
High pressure boilers
Corrosion
Alkali Metals
Superheaters
Sulfur Compounds
Coatings
Economics
Nickel alloys
Sulfides
Heavy Metals
Temperature
Heat exchangers
Raw materials
Furnaces
Deposits

Cite this

Mäkipää, M., Baxter, D., Turunen, E., & Oksa, M. (2004). Sulphidation attack of the heat transfer surfaces in boilers: Materials performance and views on future prospects. In  BALTICA VI - Life management and maintenance for power plants. Vol. 1 (pp. 209-221). Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. VTT Symposium, No. 233
Mäkipää, Martti ; Baxter, David ; Turunen, Erja ; Oksa, Maria. / Sulphidation attack of the heat transfer surfaces in boilers : Materials performance and views on future prospects.  BALTICA VI - Life management and maintenance for power plants. Vol. 1. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2004. pp. 209-221 (VTT Symposium; No. 233).
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Mäkipää, M, Baxter, D, Turunen, E & Oksa, M 2004, Sulphidation attack of the heat transfer surfaces in boilers: Materials performance and views on future prospects. in  BALTICA VI - Life management and maintenance for power plants. Vol. 1. VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo, VTT Symposium, no. 233, pp. 209-221, BALTICA VI - Life Management and Maintenance for Power Plants, Helsinki-Stockholm, Finland, 8/06/04.

Sulphidation attack of the heat transfer surfaces in boilers : Materials performance and views on future prospects. / Mäkipää, Martti; Baxter, David; Turunen, Erja; Oksa, Maria.

 BALTICA VI - Life management and maintenance for power plants. Vol. 1. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2004. p. 209-221 (VTT Symposium; No. 233).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

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T1 - Sulphidation attack of the heat transfer surfaces in boilers

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AU - Baxter, David

AU - Turunen, Erja

AU - Oksa, Maria

PY - 2004

Y1 - 2004

N2 - Sulphidation attack of the heat transfer surfaces in boilers may be due to the presence of reduced sulphur compounds in gaseous phase, or due to the result of adverse deposit conditions. Under reducing conditions in the furnace, the safe upper temperature limit of heat transfer surfaces made of low alloyed steels may be no more than about 300-330oC. The use of austenitic stainless steels or high chromium - high nickel alloys may allow metal temperatures that are 50 to 80 degrees or more higher. However, deposition of alkali and heavy metal salts may create corrosion conditions where protective chromium oxide or chromium sulphide scales fail. Materials design for the mixed fuel or high-pressure boilers must be considered carefully. High wastage rates of heat exchangers made of highly alloyed metallic materials or claddings may not be feasible for economic and environmental reasons. New developments in the manufacturing of austenitic stainless steels, however, may provide economic solutions for the superheater steel tubes. Corrosion resistant thermal spray coatings may fail due to their porous or discontinuous structure, or due to the thermal mismatch with the substrate. Prospective technologies based on the application of nanosized raw materials aiming to manufacture of gas-tight, temperature cycling resistant coatings are in the development stage.

AB - Sulphidation attack of the heat transfer surfaces in boilers may be due to the presence of reduced sulphur compounds in gaseous phase, or due to the result of adverse deposit conditions. Under reducing conditions in the furnace, the safe upper temperature limit of heat transfer surfaces made of low alloyed steels may be no more than about 300-330oC. The use of austenitic stainless steels or high chromium - high nickel alloys may allow metal temperatures that are 50 to 80 degrees or more higher. However, deposition of alkali and heavy metal salts may create corrosion conditions where protective chromium oxide or chromium sulphide scales fail. Materials design for the mixed fuel or high-pressure boilers must be considered carefully. High wastage rates of heat exchangers made of highly alloyed metallic materials or claddings may not be feasible for economic and environmental reasons. New developments in the manufacturing of austenitic stainless steels, however, may provide economic solutions for the superheater steel tubes. Corrosion resistant thermal spray coatings may fail due to their porous or discontinuous structure, or due to the thermal mismatch with the substrate. Prospective technologies based on the application of nanosized raw materials aiming to manufacture of gas-tight, temperature cycling resistant coatings are in the development stage.

M3 - Conference article in proceedings

SN - 951-38-6291-7

T3 - VTT Symposium

SP - 209

EP - 221

BT -  BALTICA VI - Life management and maintenance for power plants. Vol. 1

PB - VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland

CY - Espoo

ER -

Mäkipää M, Baxter D, Turunen E, Oksa M. Sulphidation attack of the heat transfer surfaces in boilers: Materials performance and views on future prospects. In  BALTICA VI - Life management and maintenance for power plants. Vol. 1. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. 2004. p. 209-221. (VTT Symposium; No. 233).