Sulphur dioxide and nitrogen oxide emission scenarios for Finland

Ilkka Savolainen, Markus Tähtinen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter or book articleProfessional


A model is presented for the estimation of the future S02 and NOx emissions in Finland on the basis of energy use and traffic scenarios and emission reduction strategies. The model is part of the Finnish Integrated Acidification Assessment Model system (HAKOMA).

The energy use is given in the model for five sectors and nine fuels. Process emissions from the industry have been included also. The plant register of the model includes the 190 biggest power and industrial plants (about 500 boilers) in Finland.

The model is applied in this chapter to three energy use scenarios which consist of (1) a long-term scenario published by the Finnish Ministry of Trade and Industry, and of scenarios of (2) maximal use of natural gas and of (3) strong energy conservation. Sulphur emissions are estimated for three reduction strategies: no reductions as a theoretical reference; reductions mandated by the
Finnish government; and maximum reductions to estimate the potential of strict measures. The NOx emissions are estimated for two reduction strategies: no reductions; and assumed reductions in energy production and transportation.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAcidification in Finland
EditorsPekka Kauppi, Pia Anttila, Kaarle Kenttämies
Place of PublicationBerlin - Heidelberg
ISBN (Print)978-3-540-52213-3, 978-0-387-52213-5
Publication statusPublished - 1990
MoE publication typeD2 Article in professional manuals or guides or professional information systems or text book material


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