Summary on integrated deterministic and probabilistic safety assessment development and case studies

Tero Tyrväinen, Taneli Silvonen

    Research output: Book/ReportReport

    Abstract

    Integrated deterministic and probabilistic safety assessment (IDPSA) combines two methodologies to support risk-informed decision making in nuclear power plant safety considerations. In IDPSA applications, information on physical phenomena is obtained from deterministic analyses, and probabilistic risk models are constructed based on that information. In this report, IDPSA is applied to the analysis of severe nuclear power plant accidents and level 2 probabilistic risk assessment (PRA). Level 2 PRA analyses how large and probable are radioactive releases after core damage. Severe accidents involve complex physical phenomena of which information can be best gathered by performing deterministic analyses. This report summarises case studies conducted on passive reactor cooling systems, hydrogen recombinators and explosions, steam explosions, and the coolability of an ex-vessel debris. These systems and phenomena, except passive reactor cooling system, were modelled in level 2 PRA based on supporting accident progression simulations. The studies provided useful insight on the phenomena and their modelling in level 2 PRA.
    Original languageEnglish
    PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
    Number of pages31
    Publication statusPublished - 2015
    MoE publication typeD4 Published development or research report or study

    Publication series

    SeriesVTT Research Report
    VolumeVTT-R-04473-15

    Fingerprint

    Risk assessment
    Accidents
    Cooling systems
    Nuclear power plants
    Explosions
    Debris
    Steam
    Decision making
    Hydrogen

    Keywords

    • probabilistic risk assessment
    • deterministic analysis
    • passive system
    • steam explosion
    • hydrogen explosion

    Cite this

    Tyrväinen, T., & Silvonen, T. (2015). Summary on integrated deterministic and probabilistic safety assessment development and case studies. VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. VTT Research Report, Vol.. VTT-R-04473-15
    Tyrväinen, Tero ; Silvonen, Taneli. / Summary on integrated deterministic and probabilistic safety assessment development and case studies. VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2015. 31 p. (VTT Research Report, Vol. VTT-R-04473-15).
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    keywords = "probabilistic risk assessment, deterministic analysis, passive system, steam explosion, hydrogen explosion",
    author = "Tero Tyrv{\"a}inen and Taneli Silvonen",
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    Tyrväinen, T & Silvonen, T 2015, Summary on integrated deterministic and probabilistic safety assessment development and case studies. VTT Research Report, vol. VTT-R-04473-15, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland.

    Summary on integrated deterministic and probabilistic safety assessment development and case studies. / Tyrväinen, Tero; Silvonen, Taneli.

    VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2015. 31 p. (VTT Research Report, Vol. VTT-R-04473-15).

    Research output: Book/ReportReport

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    AB - Integrated deterministic and probabilistic safety assessment (IDPSA) combines two methodologies to support risk-informed decision making in nuclear power plant safety considerations. In IDPSA applications, information on physical phenomena is obtained from deterministic analyses, and probabilistic risk models are constructed based on that information. In this report, IDPSA is applied to the analysis of severe nuclear power plant accidents and level 2 probabilistic risk assessment (PRA). Level 2 PRA analyses how large and probable are radioactive releases after core damage. Severe accidents involve complex physical phenomena of which information can be best gathered by performing deterministic analyses. This report summarises case studies conducted on passive reactor cooling systems, hydrogen recombinators and explosions, steam explosions, and the coolability of an ex-vessel debris. These systems and phenomena, except passive reactor cooling system, were modelled in level 2 PRA based on supporting accident progression simulations. The studies provided useful insight on the phenomena and their modelling in level 2 PRA.

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    Tyrväinen T, Silvonen T. Summary on integrated deterministic and probabilistic safety assessment development and case studies. VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2015. 31 p. (VTT Research Report, Vol. VTT-R-04473-15).