13C isotope effects on 1H chemical shifts: NMR spectral analysis of 13C-labelled D-glucose and some 13C-labelled amino acids

M. Tiainen (Corresponding Author), Hannu Maaheimo, P. Soininen, R. Laatikainen

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Abstract

The one‐ and two‐bond 13C isotope shifts, typically −1.5 to −2.5 ppb and −0.7 ppb respectively, in non‐cyclic aliphatic systems and up to −4.4 ppb and −1.0 ppb in glucose cause effects that need to be taken into account in the adaptive NMR spectral library‐based quantification of the isotopomer mixtures. In this work, NMR spectral analyses of some 13C‐labelled amino acids, D‐glucose and other small compounds were performed in order to obtain rules for prediction of the 13C isotope effects on 1H chemical shifts. It is proposed that using the additivity rules, the isotope effects can be predicted with a sufficient accuracy for amino acid isotopomer applications. For glucose the effects were found strongly non‐additive. The complete spectral analysis of fully 13C‐labelled D‐glucose made it also possible to assign the exocyclic proton signals of the glucose.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)117-122
Number of pages6
JournalMagnetic Resonance in Chemistry
Volume48
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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Keywords

  • 13C
  • 1H
  • Amino acid
  • Glucose
  • Isotope effect
  • Isotope shift
  • NMR
  • Spectral analysis

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