Support measures

police enforcement

Veli-Pekka Kallberg, Justyna, Wacowska-Slezak

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter or book articleProfessional

Abstract

As already briefly described in Chapter 2, a Demerit Point Systems (DPS) can be seen as a
supplement to the traffic enforcement system. The purpose of enforcement and DPS is to
improve road safety by reducing and preventing unlawful behaviour of road users. The
effects of enforcement on road safety depend on several things: frequency of traffic rule
violations, the capability of enforcement to catch offenders, the sanctions to offenders and
the visibility of enforcement to the general public. The additional element that a DPS brings
to enforcement concerns the focus on road users – usually owners of a driving licence – who
repeatedly commit traffic offences. The underlying logic of a DPS is that in addition to
sanctions for single offences, frequent offenders need supplementary sanctions such as
withdrawal of driving licence for a certain period.

When we consider the role of enforcement in connection with DPS, the main element is its
capability to catch drivers who repeatedly commit offences. Then the level of enforcement is
a key issue. For an effective DPS it is essential that the level of enforcement is at a sufficient
level so that road users who have been caught once feel that there is a real risk of being
caught again if they commit further offences (i.e. within the time period the demerit points
issued for previous offence(s) are still valid). In other words, road users’ subjective risk of
getting caught must be at a sufficient level. This subjective risk depends, among other things,
on the actual, objective risk of getting caught. Other potential factors affecting subjective risk
concern e.g. supportive measures, such as communication and information campaigns
concerning enforcement.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIdentification of the essential features for an effective Demerit Point System
EditorsCharles Goldenbeld, Ingrid van Schangen, Willem Vlakveld
PublisherEuropean Commission EC
Chapter5
Pages44-56
Publication statusPublished - 2012
MoE publication typeNot Eligible

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Cite this

Kallberg, V-P., & Wacowska-Slezak, J. (2012). Support measures: police enforcement. In C. Goldenbeld, I. van Schangen, & W. Vlakveld (Eds.), Identification of the essential features for an effective Demerit Point System (pp. 44-56). European Commission EC.
Kallberg, Veli-Pekka ; Wacowska-Slezak, Justyna,. / Support measures : police enforcement. Identification of the essential features for an effective Demerit Point System . editor / Charles Goldenbeld ; Ingrid van Schangen ; Willem Vlakveld. European Commission EC, 2012. pp. 44-56
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abstract = "As already briefly described in Chapter 2, a Demerit Point Systems (DPS) can be seen as asupplement to the traffic enforcement system. The purpose of enforcement and DPS is toimprove road safety by reducing and preventing unlawful behaviour of road users. Theeffects of enforcement on road safety depend on several things: frequency of traffic ruleviolations, the capability of enforcement to catch offenders, the sanctions to offenders andthe visibility of enforcement to the general public. The additional element that a DPS bringsto enforcement concerns the focus on road users – usually owners of a driving licence – whorepeatedly commit traffic offences. The underlying logic of a DPS is that in addition tosanctions for single offences, frequent offenders need supplementary sanctions such aswithdrawal of driving licence for a certain period.When we consider the role of enforcement in connection with DPS, the main element is itscapability to catch drivers who repeatedly commit offences. Then the level of enforcement isa key issue. For an effective DPS it is essential that the level of enforcement is at a sufficientlevel so that road users who have been caught once feel that there is a real risk of beingcaught again if they commit further offences (i.e. within the time period the demerit pointsissued for previous offence(s) are still valid). In other words, road users’ subjective risk ofgetting caught must be at a sufficient level. This subjective risk depends, among other things,on the actual, objective risk of getting caught. Other potential factors affecting subjective riskconcern e.g. supportive measures, such as communication and information campaignsconcerning enforcement.",
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Kallberg, V-P & Wacowska-Slezak, J 2012, Support measures: police enforcement. in C Goldenbeld, I van Schangen & W Vlakveld (eds), Identification of the essential features for an effective Demerit Point System . European Commission EC, pp. 44-56.

Support measures : police enforcement. / Kallberg, Veli-Pekka; Wacowska-Slezak, Justyna,.

Identification of the essential features for an effective Demerit Point System . ed. / Charles Goldenbeld; Ingrid van Schangen; Willem Vlakveld. European Commission EC, 2012. p. 44-56.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter or book articleProfessional

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Kallberg V-P, Wacowska-Slezak J. Support measures: police enforcement. In Goldenbeld C, van Schangen I, Vlakveld W, editors, Identification of the essential features for an effective Demerit Point System . European Commission EC. 2012. p. 44-56