Surface and air cleanliness in operating theatre environments

Gun Wirtanen (Corresponding Author), Salme Nurmi, Tapio Kalliohaka, Inga Mattila, Kimmo Heinonen, Seppo Enbom, Satu Salo, Hannu Salmela

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


In this paper, airborne particles and microbiological hygiene are reported from a hospital hygiene study. The surface hygiene was monitored on operating theatre equipment, instruments and other adjacent surfaces as well as protective clothing and shoes. The study was performed from June until December 2010 in four Finnish operating theatres. The information obtained will be used in the development of a comprehensive package for hygiene assessment in both operating theatres and
other hospital environments.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)87-93
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Parenteral and Pharmaceutical Sciences
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2012
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • operating theatre hygiene
  • surface hygiene
  • hygiene survey
  • airborne particles
  • aerobic bacteria
  • yeast
  • mould
  • coliform
  • E. coli, S. aureus

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