Surface and air cleanliness in operating theatre environments

Gun Wirtanen (Corresponding Author), Salme Nurmi, Tapio Kalliohaka, Inga Mattila, Kimmo Heinonen, Seppo Enbom, Satu Salo, Hannu Salmela

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    1 Citation (Scopus)


    In this paper, airborne particles and microbiological hygiene are reported from a hospital hygiene study. The surface hygiene was monitored on operating theatre equipment, instruments and other adjacent surfaces as well as protective clothing and shoes. The study was performed from June until December 2010 in four Finnish operating theatres. The information obtained will be used in the development of a comprehensive package for hygiene assessment in both operating theatres and
    other hospital environments.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)87-93
    Number of pages6
    JournalEuropean Journal of Parenteral and Pharmaceutical Sciences
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - 2012
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • operating theatre hygiene
    • surface hygiene
    • hygiene survey
    • airborne particles
    • aerobic bacteria
    • yeast
    • mould
    • coliform
    • E. coli, S. aureus


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