Surface hydrophobization of CNF films by roll-to-roll HMDSO plasma deposition

Jari Vartiainen (Corresponding Author), Tero Malm

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cellulosic films are typically sensitive towards moisture which limits their industrial applicability. In this study the films made from cellulose nanofibrils (CNF) were surface silylated with hexamethyldisiloxane (HMDSO) by roll-to-roll plasma deposition. The effects on surface hydrophobicity were clear and indisputable. Water contact angles of non-modified and plasma-deposited CNF films were 23° and 103°, respectively. As a result of surface silylation the relative polarity decreased from 46.8% to 0.6%. Surface hydrophobicity correlated well with the plasma deposition line speeds (0.5, 5, and 10 m/min) and the water vapor barrier properties. Silylation also decreased the oxygen transmission rates both at 50% and 80% relative humidity as compared to non-modified CNF films. All films were completely impermeable to olive oil and intact in contact with castor oil, toluene, and n-heptane or mixtures of them. The developed surface hydrophobization method can be exploited in strengthening the position of cellulosic films in high performance film applications.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1145-1149
JournalJournal of Coatings Technology and Research
Volume13
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Cellulose films
Plasma deposition
cellulose
Hydrophobicity
hydrophobicity
Castor Oil
Olive oil
Steam
Toluene
Heptane
castor oil
Cellulose
Water vapor
Contact angle
Atmospheric humidity
Moisture
heptanes
hexamethyldisiloxane
Oxygen
moisture

Keywords

  • Cellulose nanofibrils
  • Plasma deposition
  • Films
  • Coatings
  • Barrier

Cite this

@article{3d55bd135d6644ef8028b6b7002d37cb,
title = "Surface hydrophobization of CNF films by roll-to-roll HMDSO plasma deposition",
abstract = "Cellulosic films are typically sensitive towards moisture which limits their industrial applicability. In this study the films made from cellulose nanofibrils (CNF) were surface silylated with hexamethyldisiloxane (HMDSO) by roll-to-roll plasma deposition. The effects on surface hydrophobicity were clear and indisputable. Water contact angles of non-modified and plasma-deposited CNF films were 23° and 103°, respectively. As a result of surface silylation the relative polarity decreased from 46.8{\%} to 0.6{\%}. Surface hydrophobicity correlated well with the plasma deposition line speeds (0.5, 5, and 10 m/min) and the water vapor barrier properties. Silylation also decreased the oxygen transmission rates both at 50{\%} and 80{\%} relative humidity as compared to non-modified CNF films. All films were completely impermeable to olive oil and intact in contact with castor oil, toluene, and n-heptane or mixtures of them. The developed surface hydrophobization method can be exploited in strengthening the position of cellulosic films in high performance film applications.",
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Surface hydrophobization of CNF films by roll-to-roll HMDSO plasma deposition. / Vartiainen, Jari (Corresponding Author); Malm, Tero.

In: Journal of Coatings Technology and Research, Vol. 13, No. 6, 2016, p. 1145-1149.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Surface hydrophobization of CNF films by roll-to-roll HMDSO plasma deposition

AU - Vartiainen, Jari

AU - Malm, Tero

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - Cellulosic films are typically sensitive towards moisture which limits their industrial applicability. In this study the films made from cellulose nanofibrils (CNF) were surface silylated with hexamethyldisiloxane (HMDSO) by roll-to-roll plasma deposition. The effects on surface hydrophobicity were clear and indisputable. Water contact angles of non-modified and plasma-deposited CNF films were 23° and 103°, respectively. As a result of surface silylation the relative polarity decreased from 46.8% to 0.6%. Surface hydrophobicity correlated well with the plasma deposition line speeds (0.5, 5, and 10 m/min) and the water vapor barrier properties. Silylation also decreased the oxygen transmission rates both at 50% and 80% relative humidity as compared to non-modified CNF films. All films were completely impermeable to olive oil and intact in contact with castor oil, toluene, and n-heptane or mixtures of them. The developed surface hydrophobization method can be exploited in strengthening the position of cellulosic films in high performance film applications.

AB - Cellulosic films are typically sensitive towards moisture which limits their industrial applicability. In this study the films made from cellulose nanofibrils (CNF) were surface silylated with hexamethyldisiloxane (HMDSO) by roll-to-roll plasma deposition. The effects on surface hydrophobicity were clear and indisputable. Water contact angles of non-modified and plasma-deposited CNF films were 23° and 103°, respectively. As a result of surface silylation the relative polarity decreased from 46.8% to 0.6%. Surface hydrophobicity correlated well with the plasma deposition line speeds (0.5, 5, and 10 m/min) and the water vapor barrier properties. Silylation also decreased the oxygen transmission rates both at 50% and 80% relative humidity as compared to non-modified CNF films. All films were completely impermeable to olive oil and intact in contact with castor oil, toluene, and n-heptane or mixtures of them. The developed surface hydrophobization method can be exploited in strengthening the position of cellulosic films in high performance film applications.

KW - Cellulose nanofibrils

KW - Plasma deposition

KW - Films

KW - Coatings

KW - Barrier

U2 - 10.1007/s11998-016-9833-1

DO - 10.1007/s11998-016-9833-1

M3 - Article

VL - 13

SP - 1145

EP - 1149

JO - Journal of Coatings Technology and Research

JF - Journal of Coatings Technology and Research

SN - 1547-0091

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ER -