Surface modification and characterization of impregnated paper

S. Wang (Corresponding Author), Riitta Mahlberg, Otto-Ville Kaukoniemi, Juha Nikkola, Juha Mannila, Saila Jämsä, Anne-Christine Ritschkoff, J. Peltonen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Two organic–inorganic hybrid sol–gel coatings were developed in order to modify the surface energy and moisture behaviour of the commercial impregnated paper. The surface characteristics of the paper samples were studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared spectrometry (ATR-FTIR), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and time of flight secondary ion mass spectroscopy (ToF-SIMS). It was found that the applied sol–gel coatings as well as the curing process changed the surface structural and chemical properties of the impregnated paper. The chemical bonding between the hydroxyl groups present on paper surface and silanol groups from sol–gel coatings was confirmed by the FTIR spectra. The measured surface energies divided into polar and dispersive components indicated that the coating B resulted in less polar surface than did the coating A which was more polar than the reference (the impregnated paper with water and heat treatment). Coating B brought about the lowest total surface energy. It was obtained that the water repellence of the impregnated paper was improved by both coatings and the curing process.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4678-4686
Number of pages8
JournalApplied Surface Science
Volume258
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Surface treatment
Coatings
Interfacial energy
Curing
Water treatment
Hydroxyl Radical
Chemical properties
Spectrometry
Structural properties
Atomic force microscopy
Fourier transforms
Microscopic examination
Moisture
X ray photoelectron spectroscopy
Heat treatment
Spectroscopy
Ions
Infrared radiation
Scanning
Scanning electron microscopy

Keywords

  • Impregnated paper
  • sol-gel coating
  • surface morphology
  • surface chemistry
  • surface energy
  • water repellence

Cite this

@article{568280edc0aa4f78acf62ed68528f999,
title = "Surface modification and characterization of impregnated paper",
abstract = "Two organic–inorganic hybrid sol–gel coatings were developed in order to modify the surface energy and moisture behaviour of the commercial impregnated paper. The surface characteristics of the paper samples were studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared spectrometry (ATR-FTIR), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and time of flight secondary ion mass spectroscopy (ToF-SIMS). It was found that the applied sol–gel coatings as well as the curing process changed the surface structural and chemical properties of the impregnated paper. The chemical bonding between the hydroxyl groups present on paper surface and silanol groups from sol–gel coatings was confirmed by the FTIR spectra. The measured surface energies divided into polar and dispersive components indicated that the coating B resulted in less polar surface than did the coating A which was more polar than the reference (the impregnated paper with water and heat treatment). Coating B brought about the lowest total surface energy. It was obtained that the water repellence of the impregnated paper was improved by both coatings and the curing process.",
keywords = "Impregnated paper, sol-gel coating, surface morphology, surface chemistry, surface energy, water repellence",
author = "S. Wang and Riitta Mahlberg and Otto-Ville Kaukoniemi and Juha Nikkola and Juha Mannila and Saila J{\"a}ms{\"a} and Anne-Christine Ritschkoff and J. Peltonen",
year = "2012",
doi = "10.1016/j.apsusc.2012.01.060",
language = "English",
volume = "258",
pages = "4678--4686",
journal = "Applied Surface Science",
issn = "0169-4332",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "10",

}

Surface modification and characterization of impregnated paper. / Wang, S. (Corresponding Author); Mahlberg, Riitta; Kaukoniemi, Otto-Ville; Nikkola, Juha; Mannila, Juha; Jämsä, Saila; Ritschkoff, Anne-Christine; Peltonen, J.

In: Applied Surface Science, Vol. 258, No. 10, 2012, p. 4678-4686.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Surface modification and characterization of impregnated paper

AU - Wang, S.

AU - Mahlberg, Riitta

AU - Kaukoniemi, Otto-Ville

AU - Nikkola, Juha

AU - Mannila, Juha

AU - Jämsä, Saila

AU - Ritschkoff, Anne-Christine

AU - Peltonen, J.

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - Two organic–inorganic hybrid sol–gel coatings were developed in order to modify the surface energy and moisture behaviour of the commercial impregnated paper. The surface characteristics of the paper samples were studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared spectrometry (ATR-FTIR), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and time of flight secondary ion mass spectroscopy (ToF-SIMS). It was found that the applied sol–gel coatings as well as the curing process changed the surface structural and chemical properties of the impregnated paper. The chemical bonding between the hydroxyl groups present on paper surface and silanol groups from sol–gel coatings was confirmed by the FTIR spectra. The measured surface energies divided into polar and dispersive components indicated that the coating B resulted in less polar surface than did the coating A which was more polar than the reference (the impregnated paper with water and heat treatment). Coating B brought about the lowest total surface energy. It was obtained that the water repellence of the impregnated paper was improved by both coatings and the curing process.

AB - Two organic–inorganic hybrid sol–gel coatings were developed in order to modify the surface energy and moisture behaviour of the commercial impregnated paper. The surface characteristics of the paper samples were studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared spectrometry (ATR-FTIR), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and time of flight secondary ion mass spectroscopy (ToF-SIMS). It was found that the applied sol–gel coatings as well as the curing process changed the surface structural and chemical properties of the impregnated paper. The chemical bonding between the hydroxyl groups present on paper surface and silanol groups from sol–gel coatings was confirmed by the FTIR spectra. The measured surface energies divided into polar and dispersive components indicated that the coating B resulted in less polar surface than did the coating A which was more polar than the reference (the impregnated paper with water and heat treatment). Coating B brought about the lowest total surface energy. It was obtained that the water repellence of the impregnated paper was improved by both coatings and the curing process.

KW - Impregnated paper

KW - sol-gel coating

KW - surface morphology

KW - surface chemistry

KW - surface energy

KW - water repellence

U2 - 10.1016/j.apsusc.2012.01.060

DO - 10.1016/j.apsusc.2012.01.060

M3 - Article

VL - 258

SP - 4678

EP - 4686

JO - Applied Surface Science

JF - Applied Surface Science

SN - 0169-4332

IS - 10

ER -