Surface nanostructure effects on optical properties of Pb(Zr x Ti1-x )O3 thin films

J Puustinen (Corresponding Author), J Lappalainen, Jussi Hiltunen, Marianne Hiltunen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


Optical scattering properties of nanostructured matter have crucial impact on performance efficiency of various photonic components, such as waveguides, display elements, and solar cells. In this paper, diffuse transmission properties of nanocrystalline Pb(Zr x Ti1-x )O3 thin films with a high refractive index of ~2.5 and optical transmittance are presented. Thin films with a thicknesses ranging from 50 to 500 nm were studied using integrating sphere technique and results were compared to simulations performed by a scalar scattering theory. Thin films were deposited by pulsed laser deposition at room temperature on MgO(100) substrates and post-annealed at a temperature of 800°C. Structural phase evolution-induced surface effects, which introduced periodicity on the film surface, cause the definite diffuse elements in transmission spectra of the films. Low and evenly distributed scattering amplitudes in k-space were seen for highly tetragonal- or trigonal-oriented films with non-textured surfaces, which led to low diffuse transmission values (T D ~ 5 %), while confined and increased scattering amplitudes in k-space were seen for tetragonal-trigonal-oriented films, with phase co-existence, which led to microstructure-induced textured surfaces and increased diffuse transmission values (T D ~ 50 %). For highly textured surfaces, scattering amplitudes distributed in tilted ellipsoid shape in k-space was observed. Difference between modeled and measured values was 3.8 % in maximum
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)379-387
Number of pages8
JournalApplied Physics A: Materials Science and Processing
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2014
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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