The surface morphology and moisture behaviour of pine (Pinus sylvestris) sapwood and heat-treated spruce (Picea abies) deposited with two types of silane-based sol–gel coatings were studied by atomic force microscopy (AFM) and water contact angle measurement. The chemical composition and distribution of sol–gel coatings on wood surfaces were investigated by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (ToF-SIMS). The AFM images revealed that the sol–gel coatings applied by spreading covered the fine structure of the wood substrates. The surface roughness analysis of the AFM topographical images indicated that the sol–gel coatings, especially the one with short aliphatic chain, had a tendency to smooth the wood surface. The XPS results confirmed that the sol–gel coatings had successfully deposited onto pine sapwood and heat-treated spruce changing their surface chemistries. ToF-SIMS images showing Si ion distribution on treated surfaces revealed that the coatings fully covered pine sapwood surfaces. The thin coating layers formed on heat-treated spruce surfaces followed the original wood surface structure. The contact angle measurements indicated that the water repellent properties of both pine and heat-treated spruce were improved to certain extent by the sol–gel coatings.
- Sol-gel coatings
- Surface chemistry
- Water repellence
- Water permeability
Wang, S., Mahlberg, R., Jämsä, S., Nikkola, J., Mannila, J., Ritschkoff, A-C., & Peltonen, J. (2011). Surface properties and moisture behaviour of pine and heat-treated spruce modified with alkoxysilanes by sol-gel process. Progress in Organic Coatings, 71(3), 274-282. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.porgcoat.2011.03.011