Survivability for ships in case of fire

Final report of SURSHIP-FIRE project

Tuula Hakkarainen, Jukka Hietaniemi, Simo Hostikka, Teemu Karhula, Terhi Kling, Johan Mangs, Esko Mikkola, Tuuli Oksanen

Research output: Book/ReportReportProfessional

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Survivability of ships in case of fire has been studied in the SURSHIP-FIRE research project as a part of the SURSHIP cooperation, a coordinated European research program on Maritime safety. The work was performed in four subprojects related to materials used in shipbuilding, fire hazards on board, ship structures, and evacuation in ship conditions. Fire test data of products commonly used in shipbuilding were stored to a free-of-charge accessible database for the use of design engineers. Guidelines were defined for using fire test data in simulation and product development. Procedures for quantitative fire risk analyses of cabins and cabin areas were defined, applicable also to other cases with different features and details. A methodology for defining design fires for various ship spaces was formulated and applied to shops on board as a practical example. The sophisticated simulation and risk analysis tools utilized in the work were the FDS5 fire simulation program with its evacuation module FDS+Evac, the Probabilistic Fire Simulator, and the method of time-dependent event trees. The effects of engine room fires on car deck structures were analysed in detail since the situation was recognised critical for the structural integrity of the ship. Thermal and mechanical analyses of the structures with different dimensions and insulation extents were performed considering both the standard fire curve and the hydrocarbon curve. A survey of specific features of ship evacuation was carried out. Since the use of staircases and the movement of evacuees between decks is an essential part of ship evacuation, a new staircase sub-model for the FDS+Evac program was created, verified and validated. The results of the SURSHIP-FIRE project can influence on IMO rules for alternative fire safety design of ships. The contributions of SURSHIP-FIRE are guidelines for using fire test data as input of simulations, a methodology for estimation of design fires, practices for quantitative risk analyses, a summary of critical fire situations for structures, and suggested improvements of the IMO guidelines for evacuation analyses.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationEspo
PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Number of pages134
ISBN (Electronic)978-951-38-7315-8
Publication statusPublished - 2009
MoE publication typeNot Eligible

Publication series

NameVTT Tiedotteita - Research Notes
PublisherVTT
No.2497
ISSN (Print)1235-0605
ISSN (Electronic)1455-0865

Fingerprint

Ships
Fires
Shipbuilding
Fire hazards
Structural integrity
Risk analysis
Product development
Insulation
Railroad cars
Simulators
Hydrocarbons
Engines
Engineers

Keywords

  • fire
  • fire safety
  • fire safety design
  • ships
  • shipbuilding
  • fire simulation
  • evacuation
  • evacuation simulation
  • risk analysis

Cite this

Hakkarainen, T., Hietaniemi, J., Hostikka, S., Karhula, T., Kling, T., Mangs, J., ... Oksanen, T. (2009). Survivability for ships in case of fire: Final report of SURSHIP-FIRE project. Espo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. VTT Tiedotteita - Research Notes, No. 2497
Hakkarainen, Tuula ; Hietaniemi, Jukka ; Hostikka, Simo ; Karhula, Teemu ; Kling, Terhi ; Mangs, Johan ; Mikkola, Esko ; Oksanen, Tuuli. / Survivability for ships in case of fire : Final report of SURSHIP-FIRE project. Espo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2009. 134 p. (VTT Tiedotteita - Research Notes; No. 2497).
@book{43cea9bd3ac749e6b6efd4902622b7f4,
title = "Survivability for ships in case of fire: Final report of SURSHIP-FIRE project",
abstract = "Survivability of ships in case of fire has been studied in the SURSHIP-FIRE research project as a part of the SURSHIP cooperation, a coordinated European research program on Maritime safety. The work was performed in four subprojects related to materials used in shipbuilding, fire hazards on board, ship structures, and evacuation in ship conditions. Fire test data of products commonly used in shipbuilding were stored to a free-of-charge accessible database for the use of design engineers. Guidelines were defined for using fire test data in simulation and product development. Procedures for quantitative fire risk analyses of cabins and cabin areas were defined, applicable also to other cases with different features and details. A methodology for defining design fires for various ship spaces was formulated and applied to shops on board as a practical example. The sophisticated simulation and risk analysis tools utilized in the work were the FDS5 fire simulation program with its evacuation module FDS+Evac, the Probabilistic Fire Simulator, and the method of time-dependent event trees. The effects of engine room fires on car deck structures were analysed in detail since the situation was recognised critical for the structural integrity of the ship. Thermal and mechanical analyses of the structures with different dimensions and insulation extents were performed considering both the standard fire curve and the hydrocarbon curve. A survey of specific features of ship evacuation was carried out. Since the use of staircases and the movement of evacuees between decks is an essential part of ship evacuation, a new staircase sub-model for the FDS+Evac program was created, verified and validated. The results of the SURSHIP-FIRE project can influence on IMO rules for alternative fire safety design of ships. The contributions of SURSHIP-FIRE are guidelines for using fire test data as input of simulations, a methodology for estimation of design fires, practices for quantitative risk analyses, a summary of critical fire situations for structures, and suggested improvements of the IMO guidelines for evacuation analyses.",
keywords = "fire, fire safety, fire safety design, ships, shipbuilding, fire simulation, evacuation, evacuation simulation, risk analysis",
author = "Tuula Hakkarainen and Jukka Hietaniemi and Simo Hostikka and Teemu Karhula and Terhi Kling and Johan Mangs and Esko Mikkola and Tuuli Oksanen",
note = "Project code: 15957",
year = "2009",
language = "English",
series = "VTT Tiedotteita - Research Notes",
publisher = "VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland",
number = "2497",
address = "Finland",

}

Hakkarainen, T, Hietaniemi, J, Hostikka, S, Karhula, T, Kling, T, Mangs, J, Mikkola, E & Oksanen, T 2009, Survivability for ships in case of fire: Final report of SURSHIP-FIRE project. VTT Tiedotteita - Research Notes, no. 2497, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espo.

Survivability for ships in case of fire : Final report of SURSHIP-FIRE project. / Hakkarainen, Tuula; Hietaniemi, Jukka; Hostikka, Simo; Karhula, Teemu; Kling, Terhi; Mangs, Johan; Mikkola, Esko; Oksanen, Tuuli.

Espo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2009. 134 p. (VTT Tiedotteita - Research Notes; No. 2497).

Research output: Book/ReportReportProfessional

TY - BOOK

T1 - Survivability for ships in case of fire

T2 - Final report of SURSHIP-FIRE project

AU - Hakkarainen, Tuula

AU - Hietaniemi, Jukka

AU - Hostikka, Simo

AU - Karhula, Teemu

AU - Kling, Terhi

AU - Mangs, Johan

AU - Mikkola, Esko

AU - Oksanen, Tuuli

N1 - Project code: 15957

PY - 2009

Y1 - 2009

N2 - Survivability of ships in case of fire has been studied in the SURSHIP-FIRE research project as a part of the SURSHIP cooperation, a coordinated European research program on Maritime safety. The work was performed in four subprojects related to materials used in shipbuilding, fire hazards on board, ship structures, and evacuation in ship conditions. Fire test data of products commonly used in shipbuilding were stored to a free-of-charge accessible database for the use of design engineers. Guidelines were defined for using fire test data in simulation and product development. Procedures for quantitative fire risk analyses of cabins and cabin areas were defined, applicable also to other cases with different features and details. A methodology for defining design fires for various ship spaces was formulated and applied to shops on board as a practical example. The sophisticated simulation and risk analysis tools utilized in the work were the FDS5 fire simulation program with its evacuation module FDS+Evac, the Probabilistic Fire Simulator, and the method of time-dependent event trees. The effects of engine room fires on car deck structures were analysed in detail since the situation was recognised critical for the structural integrity of the ship. Thermal and mechanical analyses of the structures with different dimensions and insulation extents were performed considering both the standard fire curve and the hydrocarbon curve. A survey of specific features of ship evacuation was carried out. Since the use of staircases and the movement of evacuees between decks is an essential part of ship evacuation, a new staircase sub-model for the FDS+Evac program was created, verified and validated. The results of the SURSHIP-FIRE project can influence on IMO rules for alternative fire safety design of ships. The contributions of SURSHIP-FIRE are guidelines for using fire test data as input of simulations, a methodology for estimation of design fires, practices for quantitative risk analyses, a summary of critical fire situations for structures, and suggested improvements of the IMO guidelines for evacuation analyses.

AB - Survivability of ships in case of fire has been studied in the SURSHIP-FIRE research project as a part of the SURSHIP cooperation, a coordinated European research program on Maritime safety. The work was performed in four subprojects related to materials used in shipbuilding, fire hazards on board, ship structures, and evacuation in ship conditions. Fire test data of products commonly used in shipbuilding were stored to a free-of-charge accessible database for the use of design engineers. Guidelines were defined for using fire test data in simulation and product development. Procedures for quantitative fire risk analyses of cabins and cabin areas were defined, applicable also to other cases with different features and details. A methodology for defining design fires for various ship spaces was formulated and applied to shops on board as a practical example. The sophisticated simulation and risk analysis tools utilized in the work were the FDS5 fire simulation program with its evacuation module FDS+Evac, the Probabilistic Fire Simulator, and the method of time-dependent event trees. The effects of engine room fires on car deck structures were analysed in detail since the situation was recognised critical for the structural integrity of the ship. Thermal and mechanical analyses of the structures with different dimensions and insulation extents were performed considering both the standard fire curve and the hydrocarbon curve. A survey of specific features of ship evacuation was carried out. Since the use of staircases and the movement of evacuees between decks is an essential part of ship evacuation, a new staircase sub-model for the FDS+Evac program was created, verified and validated. The results of the SURSHIP-FIRE project can influence on IMO rules for alternative fire safety design of ships. The contributions of SURSHIP-FIRE are guidelines for using fire test data as input of simulations, a methodology for estimation of design fires, practices for quantitative risk analyses, a summary of critical fire situations for structures, and suggested improvements of the IMO guidelines for evacuation analyses.

KW - fire

KW - fire safety

KW - fire safety design

KW - ships

KW - shipbuilding

KW - fire simulation

KW - evacuation

KW - evacuation simulation

KW - risk analysis

M3 - Report

T3 - VTT Tiedotteita - Research Notes

BT - Survivability for ships in case of fire

PB - VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland

CY - Espo

ER -

Hakkarainen T, Hietaniemi J, Hostikka S, Karhula T, Kling T, Mangs J et al. Survivability for ships in case of fire: Final report of SURSHIP-FIRE project. Espo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2009. 134 p. (VTT Tiedotteita - Research Notes; No. 2497).