Survivability for ships in case of fire: Final report of SURSHIP-FIRE project

Tuula Hakkarainen, Jukka Hietaniemi, Simo Hostikka, Teemu Karhula, Terhi Kling, Johan Mangs, Esko Mikkola, Tuuli Oksanen

    Research output: Book/ReportReport

    1 Citation (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Survivability of ships in case of fire has been studied in the SURSHIP-FIRE research project as a part of the SURSHIP cooperation, a coordinated European research program on Maritime safety. The work was performed in four subprojects related to materials used in shipbuilding, fire hazards on board, ship structures, and evacuation in ship conditions. Fire test data of products commonly used in shipbuilding were stored to a free-of-charge accessible database for the use of design engineers. Guidelines were defined for using fire test data in simulation and product development. Procedures for quantitative fire risk analyses of cabins and cabin areas were defined, applicable also to other cases with different features and details. A methodology for defining design fires for various ship spaces was formulated and applied to shops on board as a practical example. The sophisticated simulation and risk analysis tools utilized in the work were the FDS5 fire simulation program with its evacuation module FDS+Evac, the Probabilistic Fire Simulator, and the method of time-dependent event trees. The effects of engine room fires on car deck structures were analysed in detail since the situation was recognised critical for the structural integrity of the ship. Thermal and mechanical analyses of the structures with different dimensions and insulation extents were performed considering both the standard fire curve and the hydrocarbon curve. A survey of specific features of ship evacuation was carried out. Since the use of staircases and the movement of evacuees between decks is an essential part of ship evacuation, a new staircase sub-model for the FDS+Evac program was created, verified and validated. The results of the SURSHIP-FIRE project can influence on IMO rules for alternative fire safety design of ships. The contributions of SURSHIP-FIRE are guidelines for using fire test data as input of simulations, a methodology for estimation of design fires, practices for quantitative risk analyses, a summary of critical fire situations for structures, and suggested improvements of the IMO guidelines for evacuation analyses.
    Original languageEnglish
    Place of PublicationEspo
    PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
    Number of pages134
    ISBN (Electronic)978-951-38-7315-8
    Publication statusPublished - 2009
    MoE publication typeNot Eligible

    Publication series

    SeriesVTT Tiedotteita - Research Notes
    Number2497
    ISSN1235-0605

    Fingerprint

    Ships
    Fires
    Shipbuilding
    Fire hazards
    Structural integrity
    Risk analysis
    Product development
    Insulation
    Railroad cars
    Simulators
    Hydrocarbons
    Engines
    Engineers

    Keywords

    • fire
    • fire safety
    • fire safety design
    • ships
    • shipbuilding
    • fire simulation
    • evacuation
    • evacuation simulation
    • risk analysis

    Cite this

    Hakkarainen, T., Hietaniemi, J., Hostikka, S., Karhula, T., Kling, T., Mangs, J., ... Oksanen, T. (2009). Survivability for ships in case of fire: Final report of SURSHIP-FIRE project. Espo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. VTT Tiedotteita - Research Notes, No. 2497
    Hakkarainen, Tuula ; Hietaniemi, Jukka ; Hostikka, Simo ; Karhula, Teemu ; Kling, Terhi ; Mangs, Johan ; Mikkola, Esko ; Oksanen, Tuuli. / Survivability for ships in case of fire : Final report of SURSHIP-FIRE project. Espo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2009. 134 p. (VTT Tiedotteita - Research Notes; No. 2497).
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    abstract = "Survivability of ships in case of fire has been studied in the SURSHIP-FIRE research project as a part of the SURSHIP cooperation, a coordinated European research program on Maritime safety. The work was performed in four subprojects related to materials used in shipbuilding, fire hazards on board, ship structures, and evacuation in ship conditions. Fire test data of products commonly used in shipbuilding were stored to a free-of-charge accessible database for the use of design engineers. Guidelines were defined for using fire test data in simulation and product development. Procedures for quantitative fire risk analyses of cabins and cabin areas were defined, applicable also to other cases with different features and details. A methodology for defining design fires for various ship spaces was formulated and applied to shops on board as a practical example. The sophisticated simulation and risk analysis tools utilized in the work were the FDS5 fire simulation program with its evacuation module FDS+Evac, the Probabilistic Fire Simulator, and the method of time-dependent event trees. The effects of engine room fires on car deck structures were analysed in detail since the situation was recognised critical for the structural integrity of the ship. Thermal and mechanical analyses of the structures with different dimensions and insulation extents were performed considering both the standard fire curve and the hydrocarbon curve. A survey of specific features of ship evacuation was carried out. Since the use of staircases and the movement of evacuees between decks is an essential part of ship evacuation, a new staircase sub-model for the FDS+Evac program was created, verified and validated. The results of the SURSHIP-FIRE project can influence on IMO rules for alternative fire safety design of ships. The contributions of SURSHIP-FIRE are guidelines for using fire test data as input of simulations, a methodology for estimation of design fires, practices for quantitative risk analyses, a summary of critical fire situations for structures, and suggested improvements of the IMO guidelines for evacuation analyses.",
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    author = "Tuula Hakkarainen and Jukka Hietaniemi and Simo Hostikka and Teemu Karhula and Terhi Kling and Johan Mangs and Esko Mikkola and Tuuli Oksanen",
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    Hakkarainen, T, Hietaniemi, J, Hostikka, S, Karhula, T, Kling, T, Mangs, J, Mikkola, E & Oksanen, T 2009, Survivability for ships in case of fire: Final report of SURSHIP-FIRE project. VTT Tiedotteita - Research Notes, no. 2497, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espo.

    Survivability for ships in case of fire : Final report of SURSHIP-FIRE project. / Hakkarainen, Tuula; Hietaniemi, Jukka; Hostikka, Simo; Karhula, Teemu; Kling, Terhi; Mangs, Johan; Mikkola, Esko; Oksanen, Tuuli.

    Espo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2009. 134 p. (VTT Tiedotteita - Research Notes; No. 2497).

    Research output: Book/ReportReport

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    AU - Mikkola, Esko

    AU - Oksanen, Tuuli

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    Hakkarainen T, Hietaniemi J, Hostikka S, Karhula T, Kling T, Mangs J et al. Survivability for ships in case of fire: Final report of SURSHIP-FIRE project. Espo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2009. 134 p. (VTT Tiedotteita - Research Notes; No. 2497).